Tag Archives: Smoke-Free

Teen Smoking Drops, Gateway Closes, Unicorns Unemployed

Teen Smoking Drops, Popular Gateway Closes, Unicorns Unemployed

Teen Smoking Drops, Gateway Closes

Teen smoking rates dropped again despite the ever-popular assessment that e-cigarettes “could be” a gateway to smoking. Even this year, stories continue to manipulate public perception with titles like “heavier teen tobacco use” and content to conjure images of a pack of 8-year-olds smoking like it’s going out of style. I’ll get to the unicorns sightings, I know that’s why you’re here.

Also noteworthy, and no surprise, e-cigarette use is going up. Well, hang on to your hats. If e-cigarettes are a gateway to smoking… where are the new smokers? You ponder that question, I’ll keep typing.


They’re wrong, No Gateway

With the confidence of a unicorn herder, always good for a laugh ever-so-credible Stanton Glantz just below boasts “even non-nicotine #ecigarettes are a strong gateway to cigarettes…” and he’s wrong. He uses the word “are”.  Not only is he wrong, he’s wrong at least twice.

glantz tweet

If he were correct in his hypothesis, this would be a different blog. I trust grandstanding filled with babbling and buffoonery is forthcoming from Stan about how wrong he isn’t.  (Blatantly obnoxious and wrong.) He’ll stroke his beard,  fidget in his chair, participate in some pesky deposition, but won’t admit wrong, he and others have been wrong, and will continue to be wrong. With reports of youth smoking rates dropping to all-time lows, thousands of gateway enthusiasts like Stanton “Puff-N-Stuff” Glantz, are… well, I am happy to report as I did in August here, and here, wrong.


Teen smoking drops again

Teen Nicotine and tobacco use (smoking rates) dropped again according to the latest report from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)  called “Monitoring The Future Survey”.

Use of traditional cigarettes has continued to decline to the lowest levels in the survey’s history.

Significant five-year declines-by more than half for daily use and for use of one-half pack or more per day-were reported by all grades.

Daily cigarette use was reported by 0.6 percent of 8th graders

2.2 percent of 10th graders

4.2 percent of 12th graders in 2017.

This was down from peaks of 10.4 percent and 18.3 percent among 8th and 10th graders in 1996 and a peak of 24.6 percent of 12th graders in 1997.


Unicorns

Expert Integrity In Question

Gateway Enthusiasts and Unicorns are out of work

Despite the valiant efforts of “experts”, despite an uncanny desire to invest in tactics like this to keep kids smoking, they’re smoking less. Now, due to cause and effect, the country has countless unicorns displaced and unemployed. Gateway enthusiasts and Unicorns are looking for work. Kids sure don’t smoke like they used to. Do what you can to save the unicorns, continue to question the integrity of experts.

Since the definition of nicotine is now tobacco, tobacco USE rates/funding are in jeopardy. (I predict next year the “tobacco use” will be put together with smoking in this survey, with or without nicotine). To my knowledge, not one city has made an effort to focus on the intended target: children. Instead of focusing on pre-teen and teen smoking (what I would consider 8-15 year-old juveniles), to educate that age group on tobacco use, so-called “experts” are insistent, despite the lowest smoking rates in history, on half-assed efforts and a lot of money aimed at raising the age of purchasing tobacco and e-cigs to 21.


Teens Are Smoking Less

While I was writing this blog, this came across my eye. (Thanks, Jenny!)

While all the “Tobacco 21” enthusiasts are running around feeling good about themselves, the teen smokers they should be spending energy on are already smoking. In this, it states the desire to raise the age to 21. Well. The paragraph above I stated 8-15 as the age range to educate, where (bold emphasis is mine) this study says:

“The mean age for the first puff on a cigarette was 11.7 years (n = 66). Youths who had stolen tobacco from a parent reported a mean age for the first puff (11.3 years), one year earlier than youths who had never stolen tobacco from a parent (12.3 years, n = 66, p = 0.05)”

Focus time on efforts, not control

11 year olds. 12 year olds. Why are they worrying about restricting 18-20-year-old adults again? Why are they not worried about pre-teen and teen tobacco use? Oh, that’s right, they’re experts. It’s pretty obvious a quick check with my untrained eye on the target age of when children first initiate smoking *in their own study* isn’t their expertise.  Maybe no one noticed.

You would think efforts focusing on pre-teen smoking education before a potential problem occurs would be more fruitful, and the obvious primary focus. Instead, restrict adults from doing something that “they might do” as adults has become the idiotic trend.

As far as my personal view, I’ve said it before, I’ll say it again:

On teens: “If “children” are *already smoking, they’re *smokers regardless of age. Think of the children™.”

If these people worked on the…. they might work themselves right out …. of… a …. job . . . wait a minute….

 


This was added 12/19/17.


Smoking Rates Among Youth Now At “Unimaginable” Levels

Added 01/18/17:

1.7 Million High Schoolers Vaped in 2016, As Both Vaping and Smoking Declined

Added 06/14/2018:

Still not smoking.

The elusive ‘epidemic’ of teen vaping

 


Other related links of interest:

Electronic Cigarette Age Restrictions May Drive Teens to Traditional Cigarettes

US survey: Youth smoking rates reach historic lows despite e-cig popularity

Adolescent Smoking Rates Reach Historic Lows, Despite Vaping’s Popularity





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Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


think

Your comments are NEVER filtered, always encouraged and welcome on this blog.

 

What We Know About E-Cigarettes: Data and Science Is Available

Are E-cigarettes Harmful

What We Know About E-Cigarettes

What We Know About E-cigarettes is clear. Data is easily found. Science is piling up. The Food and Drug Administration released their “Every Try Counts” campaign. I looked for the e-cigarette section on the link provided ~ because I’m a curious soul, and found the section “What We Know About E-Cigarettes”.

I’ve completed my meta-analysis and the data shows here that “Every Try Counts” only eludes to every try counting. The propaganda found on the website does not support e-cigarettes as a “try”. In fact, It looks like I may have found the “what we know about e-cigarettes” master draft journalists are using as a coloring contest fill in the blank exercise. By adding sentences, sprinkled opinions, various lies and fodder between the text and adding an ever catchy title with scary words for a click-bait title , ~voila~ they have a full article of “we just don’t know” here.


What should you know about e-cigarettes

If you are are a journalist. If you are a professional. If you are in any capacity in the medical field, feel free to reference my sentiments on the challenges of e-cigarettes public health experts face daily, here.
If you are a person with a prestigious title similar to “politician, front group liaison, expert, media contact”, etc.) and have an uncontrollable urge to look stupid, please, consider not doing that.
Science and data show e-cigs are a safer option and cessation rates are high according to available government research.

Below are my edits in bold, italics, etc, and with links below each paragraph to data and science.


Paragraph one:

E-cigarettes are officially known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). They are more commonly called e-cigarettes, e-cigs, e-hookah, or vapes. You may have seen ads or stories on the internet that say e-cigarettes are a safe safER choice to help smokers quit choose to switch from smoking. There isn’t enough is plenty of scientific evidence to say if this is true or not. Opinion alert: Here’s what doctors and researchers do know right now.


What we know about e-cigarette research

Research: Here, here and here. Oh, here, here, here and here. That should get you started.

Paragraph two:

We already know this: E-cigs work by heating a liquid that may or may not has have nicotine and other chemicals in it. Heating the liquid turns it into a vapor. That’s what the user inhales and exhales. Some research shows that this vapor includes chemicals that are known to be less harmful. Scientists are studying the health effects of using e-cigarettes. New information is coming in, but they don’t have the answers yet. but is being all but ignored.


What we know about withholding information:

There’s Withholding differential risk information. Information is available here, and “Lower Carcinogen Levels” here, scary science here, and “Harm reduction in COPD smokers who switch” here.

Paragraph three:
Although FDA is working to regulateregulating e-cigarettes to restrict, tax and ban these devices,no more innovation can be achieved,currently they are not regulated. That means the makers of e-cigs don’t have to say what is in them. There are ways to know is no way to know exactly what chemicals are in e-cigarettes, it’s called science or how much are in these products.

What we know about regulations

National Tobacco Day is covered here.


Paragraph four:

We do know that some, not all e-cigs contain nicotine. Nicotine is by proof of assertion, what you believe is addictive what makes tobacco addictive. Nicotine can (may, could, might) also affect how the brain develops. Because childhood and teen years are times of important brain development, the nicotine in tobacco and e-cigs is believed to be especially bad for children and teens.


What we know about nicotine

Nicotine is covered here, and here with “approved” methods, proof by assertion (the addiction to saying it is addictive) is covered here, and more nicotine is here, nicotine propaganda is covered in-depth here, and by me here.

Think of the children™ is covered in-depth, where there is no such thing as a gateway here, 10 years of smoking rates are plummeting for children here, described as weak here and covered here, and very interesting points of restrictions here… my fingers are tired, but I’ll press on because it’s important.

I’ve covered gateways and nicotine addiction, here.


Paragraph five:

It’s also not very clear if e-cigs do help people quit smoking or or if  and the government, public health, tobacco control experts purposely get in the way of people quitting. Researchers are working hard to find the answers to these important questions. For now, we do not know if using e-cigs is a safER and helpful way to quit smoking, so using e-cigs is not recommended. There are other proven, safe, and effective methods for quitting smoking.

Explore the options to find a quit method that’s right for you.

What we know about helpful

There’s that pesky National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) showing 79% success rate here.

Clarity on research misconduct happens to be here.

I can show you 7,238 answers to helpful here.

Science and data show e-cigs are a safer option and cessation rates are high according to available government research.




I typed slow, but you can bookmark this page and refer to it anytime, share it with your professional friends, and while you’re here, may I suggest if you’re writing an article or op-ed on e-cigarettes, try harder for information. Look to the left and right of this blog.

Repeat after me:

Science and data show e-cigs are a safer option and cessation rates are high according to available government research.


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You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

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You can also find me on LinkedIn


Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

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Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin

Funding The Future: VapesGiving™

Funding VapesGiving™

 Funding The Future: VapesGiving™


Are you part of funding the future? Funding is underway via the American Vaping Association (AVA) with a movement called VapesGiving™. The dollar for dollar match of up to $190,000 is right now.  Funding the future to combat irresponsible and fiscally motivated regulations of e-cigarettes come with a price. The opportunity for manufacturers (individuals can donate as well) to fund what is their future, is right now. Fund the future.


Future Work

It takes hard work and funding to challenge ordinances, taxation, politicians, and groups who care less about choice or health. In every town, city, state and across the country, challenges are tenfold. Someone has to think about funding the future. Someone, or something, has to finance it.

#VapesGiving™ offers the opportunity not only for you to donate to a spectrum of organizations, but to see your donation doubled thanks to the support of Naked 100 (up to $190,000!).


Funding VapesGiving™The future is now:

From federal rules and regulations restricting shop owners from assisting customers and creating chaos, state rules regulating and requiring licensing, restricting or banning adults access to a less harmful choice, taxation….. well, if I have to explain it to you, you’re obviously not paying attention.


Funding takes thinking

Think about what it takes for the future of an industry that is being challenged at every turn. Imagine if that didn’t happen. Imagine the industry in five years if no one takes action. Think of local, state, and national needs and the challenges that are involved. That’s what VapesGiving™ is helping to do with advocacy groups.


A Thousand Ways

The ability for regulation, restriction, taxation and bans – like age restrictions on both tobacco and e-cigarettes (Tobacco 21) can come faster than you can prepare, and often, you might not be aware they’re happening.


Funding VapesGiving™

Enough of your time

Instead of focusing on what “can’t” be done, consider what CAN be done. Considering what is at stake, I hope to see #VapesGiving raise millions with this movement. This is beyond overdue.

If you are in this industry, you know the importance of industry groups. If you are not in a group, join one. If you’ve done that, and if you are a manufacturer of e-liquid, have a brick and mortar store or know someone who is helping customers switch to a less harmful alternative, I urge you, implore you, and refer you directly here:

AVA Announces the Start of #VapesGiving!™


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Have you met my OUR friends at vapers.org.uk? 

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You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn


Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

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Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


Of interest:

Dr. K. Farsalinos book is available at Amazon here:

 

 


“I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for (me) to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.”

Battery Safety: E-cigarettes

battery fda

Battery Safety: E-cigarettes

Battery Safety. The FDA wants to call e-cigarettes “vape”. I took the liberty of fixing the FDA’s graphic (from here, where you can also report an explosion) above because it is idiotic.

  1. First, no one purposely places a device in a puddle, in the rain, and allows it to get wet.
  2. Second, batteries are considered tobacco products, and we’re probably never getting past that.
  3. Third, their mediocre “tips” are barely enough for you to read or understand.

Moving on.


The press loves a fire.

Practice battery safety!

Each time one of you catches yourself on fire (stop doing that), the press grabs a gas can. “Experts” around the world tweet & snicker with glee.

Under normal manufacturer specifications, millions (if not billions) of batteries are in use every day around the world.  From laptops to airplanes, hoverboards to cellphones, technology can be flammable. Batteries in any device can be dangerous. Dr. Russell explained that – a year or more ago here:

batteriescr


Repeat after me

DO NOT carry LOOSE batteries in your POCKETS with keys, coins, or any other metal. Stop doing that. Battery safety and e-cigarettes is important. You’re asking to catch yourself on fire.

From experience in work-related exposure, batteries (primarily CR123 and 12V batteries) should SHALL be safely encased, taped, covered, transported and handled in a safe manner. If batteries are damaged, do not throw them in the trash. They shall be disposed of properly according to your local laws and ordinances.

With ANY device, battery charging is important, do not mix chargers or batteries and do not leave them unattended. Keep the correct charging device with the correct batteries. Follow the manufacturer instructions.


Education

From the FDA graphic above, I have a feeling the vaping community is far ahead of safety than (governnments) will ever be. Honestly, there’s no excuse for accidents. With forums, facebook groups and word of mouth, the problem exists, but is rare.

In 2015

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA):

“In 2014, the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) published an alert that identified 25 separate e-cigarette fires and explosions dating to 2009 that were reported in the media.”

Electronic Cigarette Explosions and Fires: The 2015 Experience


Added 01/04/18

From NFPA for 2017:

Reports of 195 separate e-cigarette fire and explosion incidents in the U.S. were found, dating from January 2009 to Dec 31, 2016. In 68 percent of these incidents, 133 acute injuries were reported. No deaths were reported during the study period.
  • Sixty-one incidents occurred when either the device or spare batteries for the device were in a pocket.

  • Sixty incidents occurred while the device was being used.

  • Forty-eight incidents occurred while the battery in the device was being charged.

  • Eighteen incidents occurred while the device or battery was stored.

  • In seven incidents, it is not reported whether the e-cigarette was in use, stored, or being charged.

  • One incident occurred during transportation on a cargo aircraft.

Electronic Cigarette Fires and Explosions in the United States 2009-2016 (PDF)


Below are just a few extremely important links and graphics urging you to practice battery safety. Don’t assume you know it all. If you’re doubting your experience or knowledge, if you have a question, ASK in your respective forums. ASK a consumer group.


CASAA:

From the Consumer Advocates for Smoke-Free Alternatives Association (CASAA)

Battery Safety – Making Peace With Power


Dave Upton via VapersUK:

Basic Electricity for Beginners


Ecig Advanced

E-Cig Battery Safety – A guide


Irish Vape Vendors Association

Battery safety for peace of mind


New Nicotine Alliance

One man’s misfortune – a lesson for all of us.


JAC Vapour

Battery Safety


Stop setting yourselves on fire

I want to keep you off the news and to keep yourself from catching on fire. I prefer you purchase your battery cases through CASAA here for a donation of only $2.50 each.

It is a great way to support CASAA, and you are helping yourself not catch on fire!

CASAA Battery Case


You can also get them on Amazon.
Or FastTech


Battery Safety: E-cigarettes


Battery Safety: E-cigarettes


batteriesivva


batteries2



Added 6/8/2018:

 




Have you met my OUR friends at vapers.org.uk? 

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You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn


Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

GONZO GIVES




Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


FastTech - Vaper's one stop shop - great prices and free shipping


Legal:

“I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for (me) to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.”

I am also a participant in other affiliate sites such as FastTech.

Nicotine Is Not Addictive.

no evidence

Nicotine is NOT addictive.

The world has been manipulated into believing that nicotine itself is addictive. It isn’t. Nicotine is not addictive.

Decades of the assertion of nicotine addiction is wrong. Millions of smokers have been lied to. Millions have believed the addictive property in cigarettes is nicotine alone by default or design.

MILLIONS have tried to “quit or die” with “approved” methods.

The assertion of nicotine “addiction” by “public health” is profitable and absurd.


Where IS the PROOF?

Is there proof of the global claim of addiction to nicotine without tobacco?

I decided to challenge that.

Nicotine Addiction: An Open 30-Day Public Health Challenge.

I asked Joe Gitchell (of Pinney & Associates) what he thought:

No one was able to produce any overwhelming evidence of addiction to nicotine without tobacco or MAOI’s.

They didn’t prove themselves right.

It also raised funds with a net total of $560.06 for ecigarette-research.org.


How Can That Be?

Hearing it for nearly three decades, the generation under 50 assumes this claim is true.

Because you’ve been led to believe force-fed information.

Propaganda.

“Tobacco and nicotine are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”


nicotine

Wikipedia has a link describing nicotine (in and with tobacco) as

“Nicotine is highly addictive.”

It also states “Nicotine constitutes approximately 0.6–3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco”

“This stimulant effect is a contributing factor to the addictive properties of tobacco smoking.”

Tobacco with all the other chemicals may be “addictive”, but nicotine itself is not.

Do you really believe “.06% up to 3%” is the addictive part with all the other chemicals?

This is a list of what the FDA determines to be the “other chemicals and additives” (or what they consider the “Established List”) in cigarettes.

Are there other chemicals that cause addiction in tobacco?
MAIO’s?

Are There Other Chemicals That May Contribute to Tobacco Addiction?

Here is the “Fagerström Nicotine  SMOKING Dependence Scale”

Answer the questions honestly as a smoker if you smoke or answer the questions honestly now as a “vaper” (or both).  It’ll take one minute to get your answer:

Fagerström Nicotine SMOKING Dependence Scale


Why would there be “manipulation of nicotine” if it “is” the addictive property in cigarettes:

The SECRET and SOUL of Marlboro


Nicotine is NOT addictive.


One, with half a brain might think all those additives in tobacco could be the reason for “addiction”. Well – evidently not. It must be the nicotine.

nicotine junkie 1.jpg


A Nicotine Lie Is Born

In 1988, the Surgeon General released this report setting the phrase “nicotine addiction” into anti-smoking and eventually what has become “tobacco control” folklore.

By design, the anti-smoking establishment took a deep manipulative smoke-free breath in unison – and went, yeah, nicotine addiction. We can use that.

Contrived? Absolutely.

Created false nicotine theory
to manipulate smokers
into thinking they are addicted

Surgeon General's report 1988, The two other anti-tobacco experts, Neal Benowitz and Jack Henningfield were the jointly responsible scientific editors of the 639-page official Surgeon General’s Report: “Nicotine Addiction” in 1988.

According to the court documents the two experts both had solid economic cooperation on smoking cessation products with many pharmaceutical companies since the 1980s – Neal Benowitz as a professional consultant for several pharmaceutical companies that produce smoking cessation products, while Jack Henningfield earned most of his income from his own business companies which have had long-standing partnerships with Glaxo and Pfizer.

That above is here:

Anti-smoking experts paid by Big Pharma

“Lying about “nicotine” addiction becomes addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

They Couldn’t Wait To Help

blame

Smoking bans, laws and (bookmark alert) —> anti-smoking groups went berzerk. Patches, gums, etc. were set and soon “in place” to “help” smokers.

Public health, anti-smoking groups now tobacco control “groups” have (used) gotten away with stating nicotine addiction for DECADES, never separating tobacco or all the additives in the manufacturing process (MAOI’s) with a simple proof by assertion, the whole world “believes” very quickly, that nicotine itself, is addictive. Government goes along for the ride.


Please, Keep Smoking

When you wanted to stop smoking, you had it set in your mind via the brainwashing you’ve had most or all your life. Patch. Gum. Approved methods. You take the word of experts who should know better, run to the local drug store or supermart and load up on essentially useless products.

The world of anti-tobacco, pharmaceuticals and government, by design deception, have manipulated public opinion.

Remember above?

“Tobacco and nicotine are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”

Proof by assertion:

Proof by assertion, sometimes informally referred to as proof by repeated assertion, is an informal fallacy in which a proposition is repeatedly restated regardless of contradiction. Sometimes, this may be repeated until challenges dry up, at which point it is asserted as fact due to its not being contradicted (argumentum ad nauseam).

There are stats to show how well poorly the patch and gum are helping folks stop smoking at a whopping 93% failure rate here.

Profits from nicotine replacement “therapies” are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An Addiction To Revenue

Nicotine gum was around in 1967, but commercially available in 1978.

The nicotine patch came on the market in 1992

The Tobacco Companies Were Right

Shortly thereafter, in 1994, the tobacco companies were put on the spot, in my opinion, to look like villains – to make the public record look as if they were lying, and make the pharmaceutical companies much more profitable.


quitting.JPG

Wouldn’t most or all of us, if “addicted” to nicotine alone, have

  • Smoked more and more cigarettes every day to increase our “nicotine” levels?
  • Continually use higher MG patches going up instead of “stepping down”?
  • Chewed copious amounts of nicotine gum until our cheeks exploded?
  • Become “junkies”, gone on crime sprees and lived on the streets?
  • Seen a huge worldwide black market for nicotine gum & patches?

Nicotine is NOT addictive.

Willful Manipulation And Deception

“Experts” willfully, with malice, have the answer – and give you what you’re supposedly addicted to, to help you become free from your addiction.

That, my friend, is business 101 charlatanism defined.

I’ll let you ponder that as I keep typing.

The phrase “nicotine addiction” became profitable by the 1990’s.

nicotinewar.JPG

From This:  (Bookmark alert) Big Drugs Nicotine War

“Keeping people smoking by saying replacement “therapies” work is “as addictive as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin”.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An Addiction To Lying

ALWAYS referring to tobacco, never without. An alleged expert in her field.


The more you fail at an addiction you don’t have, the more job security there will be.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An addiction to “funding”:

(Added 10/01/17)

Organizations claim “free” help. How much does “free” cost?

Losing money:

Sales of Nicotine Patches and Gums Slow as More Smokers Turn to E-Cigarettes to Quit

Losing money:

Smoking Cessation Nicotine De Addiction Products Market to Record a Sluggish CAGR of12.3% by 2025

 


If “Nicotine IS Addictive”

Here’s an example of an alleged “expert” using misdirection.

nicotine

Then – there’s a contradiction. It either IS addictive or it is not.

There’s no “depends”. It makes “experts” look assertive, but uneducated.

nicotine fail fail

To presume, assume, portray and assert the “fact” that nicotine itself is THE addictive ingredient in tobacco is unsubstantiated, contrived and incorrect.

I’ve asked for proof of addiction to nicotine without tobacco. Repeatedly. Replies were either completely ignored, or amusing to some extent.

Without proof that nicotine itself “IS” addictive, it’s not as easy an answer to – lie about.

I looked. Asked politely, and sometimes not so politely. Then I looked some more.

Facebook. Emails.

Becoming a pain in the ass, I’ve asked “important people”. I’ve asked wannabe’s with PhD’s, top experts on addiction.

nicotine deaths

“Tobacco control – experts – “, T.V. doctors, the Centers for Disease Control, The Food & Drug Administration, the Surgeon General and even asked Pfizer & Johnson & Johnson on Twitter. I wanted anyone to show proof that – without tobacco – nicotine “is” addictive.

I’ve asked the Lung, Heart, Cancer and other organizations like the American Medical Association. You name it, I’ve asked.

nicotine duh

Not one could produce evidence to show addiction without using tobacco or MAOI’s.

They all say use those approved “cessation” methods.

Imagine my surprise.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

Multi-Billion Dollar Lies

I asked Mr. Zercher of 22nd Century. According to his Twitter account, he is

“VP BD @_xxiicentury (cig w less nicotine than a tomato? yep), fmr head of #americanspiritcigarettes.”

wrong

He’s done research (funded by the FDA). Surely, with the progress and innovation of creating a cigarette with “less nicotine than a tomato”, he’s done some research. He of all people – he’s got answers.

See, he’s got a cigarette with less nicotine in it. That tells me he’s got evidence that nicotine is the addictive property in tobacco, not the tobacco.

g

I covered his portion of the multi-billion dollar, global industry (that I’m still waiting to prove me wrong) here:

22nd Century

I’m also still waiting for you to find it, Mr. Zercher.

Convincing smokers that nicotine is addictive is a multi-billion dollar global lie.


research

What I could find

Before the challenge was proposed publicly, I did some homework. Hell, I’ve been doing homework for 3+ years. To really scour the world for addiction to nicotine without tobacco was a task.

Once I published the challenge, I expected to be bombarded with studies, data, science and proof that nicotine, without tobacco – IS addictive. Instead, I was expectedly told to “change the criteria”. Huh.

Why? If it IS addictive – after all these years – where is the data?


With no real assistance or help from the “experts”, I found the following on my own:

This one, with my favorite word “can” and of 18 people, does not show addiction.

Nicotine reinforcement in never-smokers.

Read the title twice before you click this next one….

Three Decades of High-Dose Nicotine Gum Dependence Treated With Nicotine Patches.

A survey (unacceptable for the purpose of the challenge) showing less than one percent.

Addiction to the nicotine gum in never smokers

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

Patterns of over-the-counter nicotine gum use: persistent use and concurrent smoking.

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

A comparison of the abuse liability and dependence potential of nicotine patch, gum, spray, and inhaler.

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

Nicotine Pharmacology (with tobacco)

I found this as well:

Nicotine self-administration

This is a paywall: (1985)

Physical Dependence on Nicotine in Gum A Placebo Substitution Trial

And “Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use” – Psychol Med 1985;15:891-893

Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use

Really. With all the “as addictive” claims, why are there so few “sort of” references?

Because nicotine addiction doesn’t exist.

Added 5/12/17:

This one – claims the scientific evidence… but…. seems to reinforce a whole lot of nothing except the assertion…

The scientific case that nicotine is addictive.

Added 5/31/17

This cannot possibly apply to nicotine as a discrete substance even when delivered in a cigarette. The problem with a regular intake of nicotine in a cigarette is all the collateral damage caused by smoking.

Via Harry Shapiro:

Nicotine in the News – 29 May


WHY IS THIS DISMISSED?

Finally, ignored since 2011, Hanan Frenk and Reuven Dar submitted this to the Harm Reduction Journal:

We show that the nicotine addiction model presented in this chapter, which closely resembles its 22 years old predecessor, could only be sustained by systematically ignoring all contradictory evidence.

Their link is here:

If the data contradict the theory, throw out the data: Nicotine addiction in the 2010 report of the Surgeon General


try again

Final thoughts.

To question this topic has brought understandably varied levels of criticism among peers, and dismissal due to the assertion of addiction by some professionals without separating tobacco from the equation. I was asked repeatedly to change the criteria.

In giving advice on smoking cessation, the perception of being addicted to “nicotine” itself, then suggesting a “step-down method” with nicotine products is a questionable at best.

quit quitting.JPG

Blaming smokers for “not trying hard enough” and telling them it takes many tries is no longer acceptable.

If it were the nicotine itself, not the tobacco, chemicals and maoi’s introduced to enhance tobacco, there would be merit for these products for cessation.

nicotine in print.JPG

“NRT” and cessation devices do not work. Public health and the manufacturers have known this all along and gone along with the illusion. Nicotine Replacement “therapies” are like any other homeopathic or snake oil remedy.

If you are an expert, please – feel free to comment on this blog and prove addiction to nicotine without tobacco.

This is now a perpetual challenge. I’ll wait.


Here’s a list of other valuable resources added as they are found.

The FDA themselves say:

“although any nicotine-containing product is potentially addictive, decades of research and use have shown that NRT products sold OTC do not appear to have significant potential for abuse or dependence.

Withholding differential risk information on legal consumer nicotine/tobacco products: The public health ethics of health information quarantines

IS Nicotine Addictive?

All You Need To Know About Nicotine

Belief about Nicotine Modulates Subjective Craving and Insula Activity in Deprived Smokers.

Belief about nicotine content in cigarettes can curb cravings

A Good Side To Nicotine

Nicotine – the basics

Why Is Smoking Addictive? It’s Probably Not Just Nicotine, Despite What We’ve Been Told For Years

How much nicotine kills a human?

Do smokers self-administer pure nicotine? A review of the evidence.

Endovasc develops slow release nicotine liposome for angiogenesis: Growing new blood vessels around blocked arteries

What medical ‘experts’ hide: Nicotine does NOT cause cancer

Nicotine is not valid proof of smoking.

Nicotine as Therapy

A review of relative risk perceptions across smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy and combustible cigarettes.

Diminishing Dependency

Does Nicotine Cause Vasoconstriction?

Nicotine, The Wonder Drug?

The myth of nicotine addiction

Why You Should Use Nicotine (And Why You Wont Become Addicted)

Nicotine and e-cigarettes: Rethinking addiction in the context of reduced harm

List Of Nicotine Articles / Chris Price (ecigarette-politics.com)

Is Everything We’ve Been Told About Nicotine Wrong?

Nicotine treatment of mild cognitive impairment

Dependence on tobacco and nicotine

Research in Review: Nicotine addiction studied at ETSU

Do additives make tobacco more addictive?

What Does Nicotine Do To Your Body? The answer might surprise you…

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibition Dramatically Increases the Motivation to Self-Administer Nicotine in Rats

Role of dopamine in the behavioural actions of nicotine related to addiction.

Is Nicotine Bad? 28 Proven Health Effects of Nicotine

Titration Theories

Dispelling Myths about Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Nicotine and networks: Potential for enhancement of mood and cognition in late-life depression

Which Is More Addictive, Coffee or Nicotine? If You’re Asking, You Can’t Understand the Answer

 

“Clinically, very few users of NRT become dependent on it”…. page 53.

From the Royal College of Physicians: (PDF Dropbox)

Brian L. Carter

Father Jack:


This crossed my eye for reference.

Tolerance, Dependence, Addiction: What’s the Difference?


Addicted to Fraud? Health Care Industry Forced to Return Nearly $2 Billion to Taxpayers Under False Claims Act


Added 5/10/17

Speaking of fraud:

Censorship of addiction research is an abuse of science


Added 5/16/17

I can’t make this stuff up.

“The research, published today (Tuesday 16 May) in the journal Scientific Reports, adds to the Chittka lab’s understanding of how bees – insects with a brain no bigger than a pinhead – can perform complex tasks.”

Nicotine enhances bees’ activity


Added 5/17/17

That study is here:

Attrition during a randomized controlled trial of reduced nicotine content cigarettes as a proxy for understanding acceptability of nicotine product standards

 


Added 8/23/17:

Brad Rodu:

Negligible Evidence of Radical Nicotine Reduction Benefit

Mine:

The FDA can’t prove nicotine addiction or gateways exist.Lowering nicotine in cigarettes is a gateway to smoking

I decided to email the UCSF college to find “nicotine in humans” in their files. They responded very nicely and referred me to PubMed.

By telling me to put in

Nicotine Addiction (or whatever you’re searching) and adding

( NOT mouse NOT Cigar, etcetera) like below to find anything on human addiction to nicotine, I still got nothing.

Seven items did come up… but…after all that, there was no nicotine addiction, in humans.

I slowly added NOT and the next word, like cigar – or alcohol…. or rat…Huh.

Nice tip and lesson learned.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Human+Nicotine+addictive+addiction+NOT+tobacco+NOT+mao+NOT+smoking+NOT+smoke+NOT+rat+NOT+Mouse+NOT+Mice+NOT+Snus+NOT+Cigarette+NOT+cigar+Not+Dopamine+NOT+Smokers+NOT+alcohol+NOT+drugs


Added 8/30/17

 

Smokers’ understandings of addiction to nicotine and tobacco: A systematic review and interpretive synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research

Added 9/1/17

Here’s a train wreck waiting to happen when “experts” misconstrue tobacco with nicotine:

Cardiovascular Toxicity of Nicotine: Implications for Electronic Cigarette Use

 

Added 9/9/17

Nicotine – The Zombie Antidote

Saw this in a Facebook group I belong to  – from 2012.  An excellent perspective from Gabriela Segura, M.D:

“My aim here is to defend the rights of people who choose to smoke. It may surprise you to know that, while the percentage of the population that smokes has declined in recent years (due to government propaganda), the incidence of heart disease has not declined. The reason, shock! horror! is that smoking is not the real problem to begin with!”

Nicotine – The Zombie Antidote


Added 9/15/17

GOROKH | A Case for Nicotine Use

Added 9/20/17

Don’t let the title fool you…

Science is conclusive: Tobacco increases work capacity

Added 9/21/17

Why Is Smoking Addictive? It’s Probably Not Just Nicotine, Despite What We’ve Been Told For Years


Added 9/23/17

“This site was written by a healthcare writer and edited by the former editor of MayoClinic.com as a public service to help smokers make informed decisions”

It also has a section on e-cigarettes.

The Nicotine patch. the facts and advice from real people.


Added 9/29/17

“De-Addiction”

This is more like “de-addiction” to their revenue……….and they don’t LIKE it.

I LOVE it when the disruption is SO blatant and clear… and it’s in print.

Pfft… “de-addiction”…

“This has resulted into implementation of regulations and legislations for drugs and electronic cigarettes, which will further curb growth of the market in North America.”

Smoking Cessation Nicotine De Addiction Products Market to Record a Sluggish CAGR of12.3% by 2025


Added 10/04/2017

Imagine my surprise, when I’m told nicotine content ranges MUCH higher than in cigarettes….that after a “four-year study” that had

“taken a multidisciplinary approach that includes experimental animal models and a range of human studies that examine tobacco product appeal, addictiveness, and toxicity.”

Studies showed low abuse liability for snus

Research Tools to Inform FDA Regulation of Snus


Added 10/18/17

Warning: Nicotine Seriously Improves Health



ADDED 12/25/2017

I’ve got some AMAZING people and organizations I am connected with around the world. This link was shared with me by the New Nicotine Alliance AU. I don’t understand it all, but I get that “nicotine alone” (does) not enhance addiction…. Without tobacco…… or MAOI’s…..

Bold is my emphasis:

Discussion:

The main finding of our study is that nicotine needs the association with an irreversible and non-selective MAOI to induce the same neurochemical modifications as those observed with compounds belonging to the main groups of drugs of abuse (i.e., amphetamine, cocaine, morphine, or alcohol) (Salomon et al., 2006; Lanteri et al., 2008). Moreover, although repeated injections of nicotine alone do not enhance the hyperlocomotor effects of amphetamine or PCA, tranylcypromine pretreatment allows nicotine to induce a robust and persistent cross-sensitization to these two drugs.

Added 01/30/18

“The commercial importance of the ‘’dependence to nicotine’’ dogma”

“This change of heart should normally create the effect of a bomb”

Fagerström Finds His Way To Damascus



Added02/01/2018

“… authors of the study…….envision their work could lead to new non-addictive, nicotine-based treatments for some of the 51 million people worldwide who suffer from the disease.”

Nicotine normalizes brain activity deficits that are key to schizophrenia


Added 3/01/2018

“Some e-cigarette users were dependent on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, but these products were less addictive than tobacco cigarettes. E-cigarettes may be as or less addictive than nicotine gums, which themselves are not very addictive.”

That’s here:

Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes

Also:

Is it possible (Quora Answer)


Added 4/04/18

Nicotine “addiction”

“The effects of nicotine on the brain are similar to those of sugar, salt, exercise, and other harmless substances and events”

“There are so many findings that conflict so starkly with the view that nicotine is addictive that it increasingly appears that adhering to the nicotine addiction thesis is only defensible on extra-scientific grounds.”

Short version:

Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical Evidence

Full version:

Full version is here.


Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast

The usual suspects:

“One of the important growth factors for the global tobacco alternative gums market is the increasing price of cigarettes.”

Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast


Finally, Clive Bates:

Rethinking nicotine – a quiz


Added 5/19/2018:

Milk is not beef, syrup is not wood, barlay and hops is not beer and

“Nicotine might be extracted from tobacco, but not made from it.”

Schrodinger’s Nicotine: Not Derived From Tobacco

Nicotine Resources:

Resources:

International Network of Nicotine Consumer Organizations: INNCO

Nicotine Science And Policy

New Nicotine Alliance

Global Forum On Nicotine


Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:

NEWS from my friends across the pond: Vapers.org.uk.

You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn

You can follow me on this blog!


A Billion Lives

Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics



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More to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin

 


think

Your comments are NEVER filtered, always encouraged and welcome on this blog.


 

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