Tag Archives: Addiction

Vaping In The News – December 9th, 2017

news vaping

VapesGiving Event Aims to Raise Huge Funding Goals to help Advocacy~ Letters of Intent ~ Feds Owe the Public ‘Corrective Statements’ on Vaping ~ Long-term vaping causes no negative health results [new study] ~ Moving beyond vaping as a cessation-only practice ~ Simon Chapman gets it with both barrels in the Australian Senate. ~ The ‘Father of Stress’ Was a Tobacco Industry Shill ~ Smoking Cessation and Nicotine De-addiction Products Market~ Two from me

This is Vaping In The News for the week ending December 9th, 2017




VapesGiving Event Aims to Raise Huge Funding Goals to help Advocacy

Instead of focusing on what “can’t” be done, consider what CAN be done. Considering what is at stake, there is NO reason #VapesGiving can’t raise millions with this movement. This is beyond overdue.

Companies, including manufacturers, are joining with multiple advocacy groups to raise what should be nothing short of millions to attain results at any and all levels.

If you are IN business and not doing “anything”, I implore you to assess this and make some noise by making a difference. If you are already, I thank you.

VapesGiving Event Aims to Raise Huge Funding Goals to help Advocacy


Smoke-Free World – Letters of Intent

Focus, people.

Letters of Intent for Early Scoping Work


Feds Owe the Public ‘Corrective Statements’ on Vaping

The verdict is in if you’re in the United States, you’re seeing tobacco companies court-ordered advertising on television for the 1st time since the 70’s. Sally Satel & Guy Bentley explain why the Feds owe the public the same courtesy.

While they mention the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Surgeon General, I can come up with a list of defendants in other parts of this blog upon request.

Feds Owe the Public ‘Corrective Statements’ on Vaping


Long-term vaping causes no negative health results [new study]

Last week, I inadvertantly skipped this article by Jim McDonald.

“They found that the vapers had no negative health outcomes, and in fact showed results that were virtually indistinguishable from those of the non-vapers.”

Indistinguishable. This study extinguishes concerns, certainly, as to a smoker switching or dual using, and the very few and hard to find, who may take up vaping as opposed to smoking.

Long-term vaping causes no negative health results [new study]

Related:

We observed no statistically significant increases in relative mutant frequency

Related again from Lindsey Stroud:

Study Finds ‘No Detectable Changes in Lung Health’ of E-Cigarette Users Who Have Never Smoked




Keller and Heckman is pleased to announce its 2nd annual E-Vapor and Tobacco Law Symposium. If you’re interested in attending, please click on the graphic below!

Symposium.JPG

2018 E-Vapor and Tobacco Law Symposium








Moving beyond vaping as a cessation-only practice

Choice. What a stunningly great idea! Huh!

Moving beyond vaping as a cessation-only practice


Simon Chapman gets it with both barrels in the Australian Senate.

I’ll let you hit play. Why haven’t you hit play yet?



How Low Will They Go? Tobacco Control Tries To Shut Down Journal For Defying Them

Carl V. Phillips continues “tobacco control’s willingness to harm science, social norms and anything else in pursuit of the movement’s special interest goals”

How Low Will They Go? Tobacco Control Tries To Shut Down Journal For Defying Them


The ‘Father of Stress’ Was a Tobacco Industry Shill

Interesting history for you who like it…

The ‘Father of Stress’ Was a Tobacco Industry Shill


Global Manipulation

of the “De-addiction” product market:

DE-Addiction. Anything describing what doesn’t work for the most part needs have a fresh and innovative new name!

Smoking Cessation and Nicotine De-addiction Products Market Is to Achieve Growth at a CAGR of 13.7% Over the Course Period of 2015-2023


Brad Rodu

We’re “anecdotal” my vaping ass. Now there’s more evidence we’re not.

“Given the government’s own evidence, it’s time to acknowledge the scientific legitimacy, value and benefit of e-cigarettes with respect to the health of the population.”

Population-Level Proof: E-Cigarettes Are Popular & Successful Quit-Smoking Aids


Two from me

What a week.

Tobacco Control experts are having a bad week with credibility, integrity

Senator Todd Kaminsky claims: “Vaping nearly doubled”.


Footnote to Professor Stanton Glantz:

The accused (already linked in my “Tobacco Control experts” blog just above) has his statement below:

Statement regarding litigation filed by Dr. Eunice Neeley


Have you met my OUR friends at vapers.org.uk? 

vapersukgraphic.JPG


You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn


Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

GONZO GIVES




Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


Of interest:

 

“I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for (me) to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.”

Vaping In The News – December 2nd, 2017

news7

 

Could Tobacco 21 increase smoking rates? ~ Ban on nicotine ‘will do us more harm than good’ ~ E-Cigarette Summit 5 – the return of the Summit ~ Tobacco Control Is Eating Itself ~ Plain Failure ~ Tobacco control through the lens of moral psychology ~ Public Invited to Shape Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’s $1 Billion Research Agenda ~ Dr. Farsalinos Submits Official Complaint To FDA ~ Heat not Burn “as bad as smoking” says study – but what’s the truth?


This is Vaping In The News for the week ending December 2nd, 2017


Could Tobacco 21 increase smoking rates?

Jenny Hoban, a Detroit Lakes resident and Tobacco Harm Reduction specialist and Vice-President for THR4Life explains how

“T21 has potential to increase use rates through psychological reactance, and out of protest once the targeted demographic realizes their right to choose has been removed.”

“They” want tobacco to be restricted to adults, they want to restrict adults from tobacco, and e-cigarettes. They also want funding.

Could Tobacco 21 increase smoking rates?


Ban on nicotine ‘will do us more harm than good’

Well, I don’t know a thing about nicotine…

Ban on nicotine ‘will do us more harm than good’


E-Cigarette Summit 5 – the return of the Summit

You haven’t read this yet? Shame on you.

E-Cigarette Summit 5 – the return of the Summit




Keller and Heckman is pleased to announce its 2nd annual E-Vapor and Tobacco Law Symposium. If you’re interested in attending, please click on the graphic below!

Symposium.JPG

2018 E-Vapor and Tobacco Law Symposium







Tobacco Control Is Eating Itself

Because Dick Puddlecoat is the epitome of…. well, if you’ve followed this blog, you should already be following his.

“Glantz, an Australian pensioner and a low-grade physio from Lincoln are alone in the world spouting bullshit like some crack-addled loon”

Tobacco Control Is Eating Itself

Plain Failure

A second helping of Dick Puddlecoat will not hurt your diet.

Plain Failure







Tobacco control through the lens of moral psychology

Maybe it’s just me… I’m sure “tobacco control” and “morals” do not belong in the same title.

Tobacco Control through the lens of moral psychology


Public Invited to Shape Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’s $1 Billion Research Agenda

I am impressed by the invitation and opportunity to have a voice…

Public Invited to Shape Foundation for a Smoke-Free World’s $1 Billion Research Agenda


Dr. Farsalinos Submits Official Complaint To FDA

This one speaks for itself.

Dr. Farsalinos Submits Official Complaint To FDA Over Anti-Vaping Study That “Provides No Reliable Scientific Information”


Heat not Burn “as bad as smoking” says study – but what’s the truth?

“The” Fergus Mason (who has no soul) takes on Cynicism, Tin foil hats, and Science.

Heat not Burn “as bad as smoking” says study – but what’s the truth?




It’s bad enough can’t give out proper advice to smokers, now they give out dangerous advice a week after Thanksgiving is over.

thanksgiving leftovers.JPG




Advertise with YOUR text link or banner!

Have you met my OUR friends at vapers.org.uk? 

vapersukgraphic.JPG


You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn


Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

GONZO GIVES




Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


Of interest:

“I am a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for (me) to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.”

Vaping In The News – September 30th, 2017

scream test bw

Letter to the World Health Organization ~ Deception ~ Bad Laws ~ Tobacco use on the rise ~  Classification of Twitter Users ~ Social Media Snooping ~ De-Addiction ~ Key issues, health impacts of “ends”.



There seems to be a pattern…….The scream test, deception, bad laws, mining tweets and manipulation of the public continues.

Meanwhile, sales of “approved” nicotine products, and the ethical responsibilities of those “in charge” continue to decline.

This is Vaping In The News –  for the week ending September 30th, 2017




Letter to the World Health Organization

Derek Yach releases a statement responding directly TO the World Health Organization.

Their statement is here.

This is #louder.

“It also commits that we will support independent scientific research free from the influence of any commercial entity that may be affected by the research outcome.”

Letter to the World Health Organization

André Calantzopoulos CEO of Philip Morris had this to say:

Open Response to Letter of 14 September 2017 calling on PMI to stop selling cigarettes


Deception

When and where will the line be drawn for those who are allegedly in the care and custody of what is the best interest of public health?

Think for a moment. If e-cigarettes were only “half” as “harmful” as cigarettes, where is the obligation by “professionals” to relay this to the public immediately?

I’ve asked this question a thousand times… why are they promoting smoking?

What are the ramifications of their deceit?

‘Deception’ Over The Risks Of Smoking Alternatives Violates ‘Public Health Ethics’

 

Related: Withholding differential risk information


LARRY W. FAIRCLOTH,
Plaintiff,
v.
FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION,
SCOTT GOTTLIEB, M.D., Commissioner
of Food and Drugs, and
THOMAS PRICE, Secretary
of Health and Human Services

Bad Laws

This was posted in a group I belong to on Facebook. There is common sense in the world. When I, or someone else finds common sense content, I get a little giddy…

“Full Disclosure: I’ve never smoked tobacco in my life. And, I personally don’t like candy or sweets.”

“Stop inane, petty laws before they hurt people.”

Bad Laws Hurt People


Tobacco Use On The Rise

Speaking of BAD laws. The “Tobacco 21” movement can already suffer a loss. Seems the town of Cohasset had enacted the law last year and can already show a “spike”… in 12th graders – it went from 9% to 33% in two years…

Here’s where they blame the perception, and of course the children, not the ineffective law.

Survey shows Cohasset teens’ tobacco use on the rise

Related: Up North Prevention efforts support Synar Amendment

Now where have I… … … oh, yes….

Here it is:

Tobacco 21: Synar Amendment and Nanny-State Funding.


Classification of Twitter Users

I’m beyond grateful an investigation of e-cigarettes includes tweets. How could the world survive without this study? Certainly, there’ll never be any progress without finding valuable information about Twitter users tweeting what experts can’t figure out – and I’m glad to be of service.

Classification of Twitter Users Who Tweet About E-Cigarettes


Social Media Snooping

Now, if they spent more time reading the tweets rather than investigating them…My friend Paul takes a look at

Social Media Snooping







“De-Addiction”

This is more like “de-addiction” to their revenue……….and they don’t LIKE it.

I LOVE it when the disruption is SO blatant and clear… and it’s in print.

Pfft… “de-addiction”…

“This has resulted into implementation of regulations and legislations for drugs and electronic cigarettes, which will further curb growth of the market in North America.”

Smoking Cessation Nicotine De Addiction Products Market to Record a Sluggish CAGR of12.3% by 2025


Key issues  –  Health Impacts of “ends”.

Here’s where the American Cancer Society decides it concludes it doesn’t have any conclusions after more than ten years, in classic “run on sentence” and confusing fashion.

Key issues surrounding the health impacts of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and other sources of nicotine 




Have you met my OUR friends at vapers.org.uk? 

vapersukgraphic.JPG




You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn


 

Tobacco Harm Reduction For Life

 

GONZO GIVES

 




Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin

Save

The FDA can’t prove nicotine addiction or gateways exist.

fraud

Nicotine addiction and gateways do not exist. Is the Food and Drug Administration exempt from providing proof of the decision to classify and change the definition of nicotine as a tobacco product?

Aside from the government putting out fraudulent research, massive propaganda and the plain old “we aren’t listening” – or “we heard you and don’t care” stances, the deeming regulations of e-cigarettes rest, without being questioned, on the government’s word.

Stern and believable soundbites like “we’ve looked at the data” and “redoubling efforts” (what the hell is that?) and “guided by evidence” with other fun catch phrases are tossed around profitably, like cigarette butts.

Well, I don’t trust them or their word.

Meanwhile, as defined, states are getting away with taxing e-liquid and components as tobacco.

Is there a reason the following three things aren’t being focused on by organizations in the United States?

Maybe it doesn’t matter.

I’ll get to my points.


There are three things

In my best estimation, any decisions made by the Food and Drug Administration cannot be determined by fraudulent research or simple and contrived assertions.

These three things are what the FDA needs to validate for the “deeming” regulations to be valid.

  1. The definition of nicotine as tobacco
  2. Nicotine addiction without tobacco and MAOI’s
  3. Gateways

 nicotine thingiverse

1. The definition of nicotine as tobacco

They had to change the definition of nicotine. Why is that?

Nicotine is not tobacco.

Nicotine is .06% to 3% dry weight of tobacco. (Source)

I’m no chemist, and certainly no mathmatician, so I’ll go with what I’ve got:

Tobacco contains a much higher percentage of:

  1. “Malic acid” at 2.83 %
  2. “Calcium as CaO” at 2.22%
  3. “Potassium as K20” is at 2.47

“Reducing sugars as dextrose” is astronomically higher at 22.09%.

Why are those chemicals not deemed “tobacco” or considered addictive?

Have you ever seen milk squirt out from raw hamburger or steak?

  • Milk isn’t defined as beef.

 Have you ever got a splinter with your pancakes?

  • Syrup isn’t defined as wood.

You’ve never found any flowers in your beer?

  • Alcohol isn’t defined as hops or barley.

Public health and government are not honest.

Added 6/21/2018

Science

The FDA claims nicotine is tobacco. These people do not.

“notably that e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco or generate side-stream emissions…”

Characterisation of the Spatial and Temporal Dispersion Differences between Exhaled e-cigarette mist and Cigarette Smoke.

Added 6/24/18:

E-cigarettes are NOT tobacco, in fact this says (bold is my emphasis)

“…this judgment is the product of policy developments around the role of the FDA and their ability to provide regulative guidance and authority relating to a range of products.”

“If all products containing nicotine derived from tobacco were labelled as “tobacco products” internationally, then nicotine replacement therapies would be classified as tobacco products, which they are clearly not. As a scientific journal, definitions matter, and a legal ruling in a single country is not a sound basis for determining whether a certain definition is valid.”
Please click their link, and the PDF link is within their page:

Nicotine isn’t tobacco.


 censored

2. Nicotine addiction without tobacco and MAOI’s.

Of the “thousands” of chemicals, nicotine is the addictive ingredient?

There is no data or science worth reading showing nicotine addiction without tobacco and MAOI’s.

Let them force them to find it in their secret files and produce it.

I’ve asked for them from various “experts” and government and body parts organizations.

Nicotine is not addictive.


gate

3. Gateways

They don’t exist. Among other places, it is

Shown here:

Gateway Effects: Why the Cited Evidence Does Not Support Their Existence for Low-Risk Tobacco Products (and What Evidence Would)

Shown here:

Gateway effects and electronic cigarettes.

Oh, it’s shown here:

Complicated Models Can’t Alter the Data: Smoking Among Youth and Young Adults Is Way Down

Just stop.

There is NO gateway.


No combustion:

E-cigarettes and the obsolescence of combustion


Proof By Assertion

Can the FDA prove these three assertions? You know, like in a court of law?

Is proof by assertion all the government needs to claim nicotine is addictive? That gateways exist? That, without science and real data, allows them to classify nicotine as tobacco?

Nobody’s caught on to that yet? Why?

fingers in ears

Doesn’t this scare you?

  • Really? Just me? (Pretend my arms are flailing around)
  • Has anyone challenged these points? (Pretend my voice went up)
  • Did anyone ASK them for proof? (Pretend I’m red faced)
  • Does it prove addiction or gateways? (Pretend I’m screaming)

All parties involved are well aware of the deception. This isn’t about health. This isn’t about “the children™”.

Regulations boil down to one thing. Revenue. Fiscal health. Cash.


“Rationale”

Listing “disclosures”, the National Cancer Institute, State and Community Tobacco Control Initiative, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office on Smoking and Health and of course the American Cancer Society and Cancer Action Network were involved with this:

“Rationale for ENDS Taxation”
• Improve Public Health
• Encourage switching from combusted to potentially less harmful products
• Prevent youth initiation
Raise Revenue
Replacement revenue source as revenues from cigarettes and other tobacco products fall

Read it again.

That’s included in this PDF

Prices, Taxes and the Demand for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems




They all breaking the law, or various laws.

These are fictitious claims, no one is loud enough to challenge them.  I’m waiting on someone to have some balls to challenge it with lawsuits, something.




Alan Beard

Alan had this to say about industry in the U.K.:

“as a consumer directly influenced by their current and future viability these thoughts are directed towards them.”

Challenges for Vendors and Desirability of Compulsory Membership of a Trade Association


I mentioned the organizations at the beginning of this blog. With that, I’m including legitimate vendors and brick & mortar businesses in that realm of “organizations”.

I’m also talking about the fly-by-count-my-money-at-night vendors who are doing less than nothing for anyone but themselves.

Whether it be industry or consumer organizations who are well established, I am asking: Are these three points above a waste of time?

How will doing nothing (or any other inaction) impact consumers?

Why are consumers having to settle for less?

Are my questions “too little, too late”?

These are the things that keep me up at night.

Added 8/22/17

Elaine Keller, well respected by me, had this to say on my post of this blog on Facebook:

“In my personal opinion, the problem lies within the law itself, not some arbitrary decision on the part of the FDA”


Nicotine has been defined as “tobacco” is defined in the “Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Act”. It, among other things:

Defines a tobacco product as any product made or derived from tobacco that is intended for human consumption.

That’s here in:

H.R.1256 – Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act

That needs to be changed. Immediately.


Added 4/04/18

“The effects of nicotine on the brain are similar to those of sugar, salt, exercise, and other harmless substances and events”

“There are so many findings that conflict so starkly with the view that nicotine is addictive that it increasingly appears that adhering to the nicotine addiction thesis is only defensible on extra-scientific grounds.”

Short version:

Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical Evidence

Full version is here.

And:

Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast

The usual suspects:

“One of the important growth factors for the global tobacco alternative gums market is the increasing price of cigarettes.”

Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast


For you who are fighting at the industry level, and I do know who you are, thank you.

For you who aren’t fighting, I know who you some of you are – I’m a couple times behind on telling both the government, and you, to kiss my ass.


Added 8/23/17:

Brad Rodu:

Negligible Evidence of Radical Nicotine Reduction Benefit

Added 12/14/17

FDA launches “Every Try Counts” campaign to manipulate smokers

Added 01/13/18

The health impact of e-cigarettes they don’t want you to know



Advertise with YOUR text link or banner!



You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn



 Have you met my friends at vapers.org.uk?

vapersukgraphic.JPG


Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


think

Your comments are NEVER filtered, always encouraged and welcome on this blog.


There is definitely more to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin

Save

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“Nicotine” is not tobacco.

nicotine thingiverse.JPG

The insideous fight in Australia continues where cigarettes are still legal, and the option of e-cigarettes are being blocked.

Added 6/25/2018:

Click on their link, then a PDF is within:

Are e-cigarettes tobacco products?

Added 6/21/2018

Science

The FDA claims nicotine is tobacco. These people do not.

“notably that e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco or generate side-stream emissions…”

Characterisation of the Spatial and Temporal Dispersion Differences between Exhaled e-cigarette mist and Cigarette Smoke.



This is a guest collaboration blog with my friend, Broony, the Thunder from Down Under.




Nicotine Is NOT Tobacco

The definition of “nicotine” and e-cigarettes must stop being compared to, or thought of, as tobacco.

E-cigarettes are helping people, by choice, permanently switch from smoking to a much less harmful product. Nicotine is not problematic when used in eliquid or snus. It also isn’t harmful in the patch, gum or normal healthy diet. Nicotine is not tobacco.

There are many reasons adults use nicotine, besides pleasure, it is a quick remedy for anxiety, ADHD (yes, adults suffer from that too) and more. Nicotine is also recognised as an aid for schizophrenia, memory loss, and mental health issues.

If nicotine is tobacco, it will be taxed, regulated, and would be designated for funding, health insurance rates and more “as tobacco“.

Other “chemicals” in tobacco aren’t considered “tobacco”.

“Nicotine constitutes approximately 0.6–3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco”.

That’s found here at Wikipedia.


Milk isn’t beef. Syrup isn’t wood.

Should Nicotine Be Classified as Tobacco?

 

 


This Is War

fight

The war created to stop vaping is by public health experts and organizations that do not understand nor want to understand the science and pychology of nicotine.

They LIE saying nicotine is addictive.

Continuing the confusion, they pretend the definition of nicotine “is” tobacco and lack intelligence or are unwilling to separate the concept that vaping is another way to decrease tobacco use, nor capitulate vapers are an independent group of individuals who have found that vaping is a successful tool in their lives.

Many studies recognise vapers as ex-smokers who show no signs of being a smoker. This war against e-cigarettes must stop.


black market.JPG

Creating A Black Market

There will never be a successful prohibition, most people who would never otherwise touch black market goods will change their minds to keep from going back to smoking.

Just like smokers in Australia who are not ready (or put off) to switch to vaping already – obtain much of their tobacco now through the black market.

Because they truly cannot affort to appease their habit, people who would not normally break the law are doing so because they are forced to by lies being told to the government by those not prepared to listen to those who know:

Anti Tobacco & Nicotine Zealot, ANTZ for short.


duct tape.JPG

Legalize Nicotine

STOP lying. STOP withholding information for consumers. If vaping was allowed and nicotine infused eLiquid could be sold in Australia, more smokers would eventually switch. Doing so would create less

  • of a burden to the health system
  • downtime at industry
  • money going to organizations trying but failing miserably
  • money going to the black market
  • money going overseas

People are still smoking.  Plain packaging doesn’t work. Cigarettes are still available.

The government must be made to see this and bring change to the laws banning e-cigarettes – effectively blocking smokers from choosing to switch to a virtually harmless alternative nicotine source.


Gone in 60 seconds: Govt backs vaping law then announces inquiry one minute later

Sources

New Nicotine Alliance AU

International Network of Nicotine Consumer Organizations

Fight. #Louder: SUBMIT your voices. #Loudly.

Inquiry into the Use and Marketing of Electronic Cigarettes and Personal Vaporisers in Australia

Broony’s previous guest blog is here:


You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn



Please visit my friends:

vapersukgraphic.JPG


Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:


Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics 

A Billion Lives

A Billion Lives


think

Your comments are NEVER filtered, always encouraged and welcome on this blog.



More to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin

Nicotine Is Not Addictive.

no evidence

Nicotine is NOT addictive.

The world has been manipulated into believing that nicotine itself is addictive. It isn’t. Nicotine is not addictive.

Decades of the assertion of nicotine addiction is wrong. Millions of smokers have been lied to. Millions have believed the addictive property in cigarettes is nicotine alone by default or design.

MILLIONS have tried to “quit or die” with “approved” methods.

The assertion of nicotine “addiction” by “public health” is profitable and absurd.


Where IS the PROOF?

Is there proof of the global claim of addiction to nicotine without tobacco?

I decided to challenge that.

Nicotine Addiction: An Open 30-Day Public Health Challenge.

I asked Joe Gitchell (of Pinney & Associates) what he thought:

No one was able to produce any overwhelming evidence of addiction to nicotine without tobacco or MAOI’s.

They didn’t prove themselves right.

It also raised funds with a net total of $560.06 for ecigarette-research.org.


How Can That Be?

Hearing it for nearly three decades, the generation under 50 assumes this claim is true.

Because you’ve been led to believe force-fed information.

Propaganda.

“Tobacco and nicotine are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”


nicotine

Wikipedia has a link describing nicotine (in and with tobacco) as

“Nicotine is highly addictive.”

It also states “Nicotine constitutes approximately 0.6–3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco”

“This stimulant effect is a contributing factor to the addictive properties of tobacco smoking.”

Tobacco with all the other chemicals may be “addictive”, but nicotine itself is not.

Do you really believe “.06% up to 3%” is the addictive part with all the other chemicals?

This is a list of what the FDA determines to be the “other chemicals and additives” (or what they consider the “Established List”) in cigarettes.

Are there other chemicals that cause addiction in tobacco?
MAIO’s?

Are There Other Chemicals That May Contribute to Tobacco Addiction?

Here is the “Fagerström Nicotine  SMOKING Dependence Scale”

Answer the questions honestly as a smoker if you smoke or answer the questions honestly now as a “vaper” (or both).  It’ll take one minute to get your answer:

Fagerström Nicotine SMOKING Dependence Scale


Why would there be “manipulation of nicotine” if it “is” the addictive property in cigarettes:

The SECRET and SOUL of Marlboro


Nicotine is NOT addictive.


One, with half a brain might think all those additives in tobacco could be the reason for “addiction”. Well – evidently not. It must be the nicotine.

nicotine junkie 1.jpg

A Nicotine Lie Is Born

In 1988, the Surgeon General released this report setting the phrase “nicotine addiction” into anti-smoking and eventually what has become “tobacco control” folklore.

By design, the anti-smoking establishment took a deep manipulative smoke-free breath in unison – and went, yeah, nicotine addiction. We can use that.

Contrived? Absolutely.

Created false nicotine theory
to manipulate smokers
into thinking they are addicted

Surgeon General's report 1988,

The two other anti-tobacco experts, Neal Benowitz and Jack Henningfield were the jointly responsible scientific editors of the 639-page official Surgeon General’s Report: “Nicotine Addiction” in 1988.

According to the court documents the two experts both had solid economic cooperation on smoking cessation products with many pharmaceutical companies since the 1980s – Neal Benowitz as a professional consultant for several pharmaceutical companies that produce smoking cessation products, while Jack Henningfield earned most of his income from his own business companies which have had long-standing partnerships with Glaxo and Pfizer.

That above is here:

Anti-smoking experts paid by Big Pharma

“Lying about “nicotine” addiction becomes addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

They Couldn’t Wait To Help
blame

Smoking bans, laws and (bookmark alert) —> anti-smoking groups went berzerk. Patches, gums, etc. were set and soon “in place” to “help” smokers.

Public health, anti-smoking groups now tobacco control “groups” have (used) gotten away with stating nicotine addiction for DECADES, never separating tobacco or all the additives in the manufacturing process (MAOI’s) with a simple proof by assertion, the whole world “believes” very quickly, that nicotine itself, is addictive. Government goes along for the ride.


Nicotine: From the farm to your food, cosmetics, cardiovascular and Alzheimer’s applications, what are they not telling us? #YouDontKnowNicotine


Please, Keep Smoking

When you wanted to stop smoking, you had it set in your mind via the brainwashing you’ve had most or all your life. Patch. Gum. Approved methods. You take the word of experts who should know better, run to the local drug store or supermart and load up on essentially useless products.

The world of anti-tobacco, pharmaceuticals and government, by design deception, have manipulated public opinion.

Remember above?

“Tobacco and nicotine are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.”

Proof by assertion:

Proof by assertion, sometimes informally referred to as proof by repeated assertion, is an informal fallacy in which a proposition is repeatedly restated regardless of contradiction. Sometimes, this may be repeated until challenges dry up, at which point it is asserted as fact due to its not being contradicted (argumentum ad nauseam).

There are stats to show how well poorly the patch and gum are helping folks stop smoking at a whopping 93% failure rate here.

Profits from nicotine replacement “therapies” are addictive like alcohol, cocaine, and heroin.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An Addiction To Revenue

Nicotine gum was around in 1967, but commercially available in 1978.

The nicotine patch came on the market in 1992

The Tobacco Companies Were Right

Shortly thereafter, in 1994, the tobacco companies were put on the spot, in my opinion, to look like villains – to make the public record look as if they were lying, and make the pharmaceutical companies much more profitable.


quitting.JPG

Wouldn’t most or all of us, if “addicted” to nicotine alone, have

  • Smoked more and more cigarettes every day to increase our “nicotine” levels?
  • Continually use higher MG patches going up instead of “stepping down”?
  • Chewed copious amounts of nicotine gum until our cheeks exploded?
  • Become “junkies”, gone on crime sprees and lived on the streets?
  • Seen a huge worldwide black market for nicotine gum & patches?

Nicotine is NOT addictive.

Willful Manipulation And Deception

“Experts” willfully, with malice, have the answer – and give you what you’re supposedly addicted to, to help you become free from your addiction.

That, my friend, is business 101 charlatanism defined.

I’ll let you ponder that as I keep typing.

The phrase “nicotine addiction” became profitable by the 1990’s.

nicotinewar.JPG

From This:  (Bookmark alert) Big Drugs Nicotine War

“Keeping people smoking by saying replacement “therapies” work is “as addictive as alcohol, cocaine, and heroin”.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An Addiction To Lying

ALWAYS referring to tobacco, never without. An alleged expert in her field.


The more you fail at an addiction you don’t have, the more job security there will be.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

An addiction to “funding”:

(Added 10/01/17)

Organizations claim “free” help. How much does “free” cost?

Losing money:

Losing money:


If “Nicotine IS Addictive”

Here’s an example of an alleged “expert” using misdirection.

nicotine

Then – there’s a contradiction. It either IS addictive or it is not.

There’s no “depends”. It makes “experts” look assertive, but uneducated.

nicotine fail fail

To presume, assume, portray and assert the “fact” that nicotine itself is THE addictive ingredient in tobacco is unsubstantiated, contrived and incorrect.

I’ve asked for proof of addiction to nicotine without tobacco. Repeatedly. Replies were either completely ignored, or amusing to some extent.

Without proof that nicotine itself “IS” addictive, it’s not as easy an answer to – lie about.

I looked. Asked politely, and sometimes not so politely. Then I looked some more.

Facebook. Emails.

Becoming a pain in the ass, I’ve asked “important people”. I’ve asked wannabe’s with PhD’s, top experts on addiction.

nicotine deaths

“Tobacco control – experts – “, T.V. doctors, the Centers for Disease Control, The Food & Drug Administration, the Surgeon General and even asked Pfizer & Johnson & Johnson on Twitter. I wanted anyone to show proof that – without tobacco – nicotine “is” addictive.

I’ve asked the Lung, Heart, Cancer and other organizations like the American Medical Association. You name it, I’ve asked.

nicotine duh

Not one could produce evidence to show addiction without using tobacco or MAOI’s.

They all say use those approved “cessation” methods.

Imagine my surprise.


Nicotine is NOT addictive.

Multi-Billion Dollar Lies

I asked Mr. Zercher of 22nd Century. According to his Twitter account, he is

“VP BD @_xxiicentury (cig w less nicotine than a tomato? yep), fmr head of #americanspiritcigarettes.”

wrong

He’s done research (funded by the FDA). Surely, with the progress and innovation of creating a cigarette with “less nicotine than a tomato”, he’s done some research. He of all people – he’s got answers.

See, he’s got a cigarette with less nicotine in it. That tells me he’s got evidence that nicotine is the addictive property in tobacco, not the tobacco.

g

I covered his portion of the multi-billion dollar, global industry (that I’m still waiting to prove me wrong) here:

22nd Century

I’m also still waiting for you to find it, Mr. Zercher.

Convincing smokers that nicotine is addictive is a multi-billion dollar global lie.


research

What I could find

Before the challenge was proposed publicly, I did some homework. Hell, I’ve been doing homework for 3+ years. To really scour the world for addiction to nicotine without tobacco was a task.

Once I published the challenge, I expected to be bombarded with studies, data, science and proof that nicotine, without tobacco – IS addictive. Instead, I was expectedly told to “change the criteria”. Huh.

Why? If it IS addictive – after all these years – where is the data?


With no real assistance or help from the “experts”, I found the following on my own:

This one, with my favorite word “can” and of 18 people, does not show addiction.

Nicotine reinforcement in never-smokers.

Read the title twice before you click this next one….

Three Decades of High-Dose Nicotine Gum Dependence Treated With Nicotine Patches.

A survey (unacceptable for the purpose of the challenge) showing less than one percent.

Addiction to the nicotine gum in never smokers

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

Patterns of over-the-counter nicotine gum use: persistent use and concurrent smoking.

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

A comparison of the abuse liability and dependence potential of nicotine patch, gum, spray, and inhaler.

Added 9/1/17

(***Thank you** to Coral Gartner)

Nicotine Pharmacology (with tobacco)

I found this as well:

Nicotine self-administration

This is a paywall: (1985)

Physical Dependence on Nicotine in Gum A Placebo Substitution Trial

And “Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use” – Psychol Med 1985;15:891-893

Effects of withdrawal from long-term nicotine gum use

Really. With all the “as addictive” claims, why are there so few “sort of” references?

Because nicotine addiction doesn’t exist.

Added 5/12/17:

This one – claims the scientific evidence… but…. seems to reinforce a whole lot of nothing except the assertion…

The scientific case that nicotine is addictive.

Added 5/31/17

This cannot possibly apply to nicotine as a discrete substance even when delivered in a cigarette. The problem with a regular intake of nicotine in a cigarette is all the collateral damage caused by smoking.

Via Harry Shapiro:

Nicotine in the News – 29 May


WHY IS THIS DISMISSED?

Finally, ignored since 2011, Hanan Frenk and Reuven Dar submitted this to the Harm Reduction Journal:

We show that the nicotine addiction model presented in this chapter, which closely resembles its 22 years old predecessor, could only be sustained by systematically ignoring all contradictory evidence.

Their link is here:

If the data contradict the theory, throw out the data: Nicotine addiction in the 2010 report of the Surgeon General


try again

Final thoughts.

To question this topic has brought understandably varied levels of criticism among peers, and dismissal due to the assertion of addiction by some professionals without separating tobacco from the equation. I was asked repeatedly to change the criteria.

In giving advice on smoking cessation, the perception of being addicted to “nicotine” itself, then suggesting a “step-down method” with nicotine products is a questionable at best.

quit quitting.JPG

Blaming smokers for “not trying hard enough” and telling them it takes many tries is no longer acceptable.

If it were the nicotine itself, not the tobacco, chemicals and maoi’s introduced to enhance tobacco, there would be merit for these products for cessation.

nicotine in print.JPG

“NRT” and cessation devices do not work. Public health and the manufacturers have known this all along and gone along with the illusion. Nicotine Replacement “therapies” are like any other homeopathic or snake oil remedy.

If you are an expert, please – feel free to comment on this blog and prove addiction to nicotine without tobacco.

This is now a perpetual challenge. I’ll wait.


Here’s a list of other valuable resources added as they are found.

The FDA themselves say:

“although any nicotine-containing product is potentially addictive, decades of research and use have shown that NRT products sold OTC do not appear to have significant potential for abuse or dependence.

Withholding differential risk information on legal consumer nicotine/tobacco products: The public health ethics of health information quarantines

IS Nicotine Addictive?

All You Need To Know About Nicotine

Belief about Nicotine Modulates Subjective Craving and Insula Activity in Deprived Smokers.

Belief about nicotine content in cigarettes can curb cravings

A Good Side To Nicotine

Why Is Smoking Addictive? It’s Probably Not Just Nicotine, Despite What We’ve Been Told For Years

How much nicotine kills a human?

Do smokers self-administer pure nicotine? A review of the evidence.

Endovasc develops slow release nicotine liposome for angiogenesis: Growing new blood vessels around blocked arteries

What medical ‘experts’ hide: Nicotine does NOT cause cancer

Nicotine is not valid proof of smoking.

Nicotine as Therapy

A review of relative risk perceptions across smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy and combustible cigarettes.

Diminishing Dependency

Does Nicotine Cause Vasoconstriction?

Nicotine, The Wonder Drug?

The myth of nicotine addiction

Why You Should Use Nicotine (And Why You Wont Become Addicted)

Nicotine and e-cigarettes: Rethinking addiction in the context of reduced harm

List Of Nicotine Articles / Chris Price (ecigarette-politics.com)

Is Everything We’ve Been Told About Nicotine Wrong?

Nicotine treatment of mild cognitive impairment

Dependence on tobacco and nicotine

Research in Review: Nicotine addiction studied at ETSU

Do additives make tobacco more addictive?

What Does Nicotine Do To Your Body? The answer might surprise you…

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibition Dramatically Increases the Motivation to Self-Administer Nicotine in Rats

Role of dopamine in the behavioural actions of nicotine related to addiction.

Is Nicotine Bad? 28 Proven Health Effects of Nicotine

Titration Theories

Dispelling Myths about Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Nicotine and networks: Potential for enhancement of mood and cognition in late-life depression

“Clinically, very few users of NRT become dependent on it”…. page 53.

From the Royal College of Physicians: (PDF Dropbox)
 

 

Brian L. Carter

Father Jack:


This crossed my eye for reference.

Tolerance, Dependence, Addiction: What’s the Difference?


Addicted to Fraud? Health Care Industry Forced to Return Nearly $2 Billion to Taxpayers Under False Claims Act


Added 5/10/17

Speaking of fraud:

Censorship of addiction research is an abuse of science


Added 5/16/17

I can’t make this stuff up.

“The research, published today (Tuesday 16 May) in the journal Scientific Reports, adds to the Chittka lab’s understanding of how bees – insects with a brain no bigger than a pinhead – can perform complex tasks.”

Nicotine enhances bees’ activity


Added 5/17/17

That study is here:

Attrition during a randomized controlled trial of reduced nicotine content cigarettes as a proxy for understanding acceptability of nicotine product standards


Added 8/23/17:

Brad Rodu:

Negligible Evidence of Radical Nicotine Reduction Benefit

Mine:

The FDA can’t prove nicotine addiction or gateways exist.Lowering nicotine in cigarettes is a gateway to smoking

I decided to email the UCSF college to find “nicotine in humans” in their files. They responded very nicely and referred me to PubMed.

By telling me to put in “Nicotine Addiction” (or whatever you’re searching) and adding

( NOT mouse NOT Cigar, etcetera) like below to find anything on human addiction to nicotine, I still got nothing.

Seven items did come up… but…after all that, there was no nicotine addiction, in humans.

I slowly added NOT and the next word, like cigar – or alcohol…. or rat…Huh.

Nice tip and lesson learned.


Added 8/30/17

Smokers’ understandings of addiction to nicotine and tobacco: A systematic review and interpretive synthesis of quantitative and qualitative research

Added 9/1/17

Here’s a train wreck waiting to happen when “experts” misconstrue tobacco with nicotine:

Cardiovascular Toxicity of Nicotine: Implications for Electronic Cigarette Use

Added 9/9/17

Nicotine – The Zombie Antidote

Saw this in a Facebook group I belong to  – from 2012.  An excellent perspective from Gabriela Segura, M.D:

“My aim here is to defend the rights of people who choose to smoke. It may surprise you to know that, while the percentage of the population that smokes has declined in recent years (due to government propaganda), the incidence of heart disease has not declined. The reason, shock! horror! is that smoking is not the real problem to begin with!”

Nicotine – The Zombie Antidote


Added 9/15/17

GOROKH | A Case for Nicotine Use

Added 9/20/17

Don’t let the title fool you…

Science is conclusive: Tobacco increases work capacity

Added 9/21/17

Why Is Smoking Addictive? It’s Probably Not Just Nicotine, Despite What We’ve Been Told For Years


Added 9/23/17

“This site was written by a healthcare writer and edited by the former editor of MayoClinic.com as a public service to help smokers make informed decisions”

It also has a section on e-cigarettes.

The Nicotine patch. the facts and advice from real people.


Added 9/29/17

“De-Addiction”

This is more like “de-addiction” to their revenue……….and they don’t LIKE it.

I LOVE it when the disruption is SO blatant and clear… and it’s in print.

Pfft… “de-addiction”…

“This has resulted into implementation of regulations and legislations for drugs and electronic cigarettes, which will further curb growth of the market in North America.”

Smoking Cessation Nicotine De Addiction Products Market to Record a Sluggish CAGR of12.3% by 2025


Added 10/04/2017

Imagine my surprise, when I’m told nicotine content ranges MUCH higher than in cigarettes….that after a “four-year study” that had

“taken a multidisciplinary approach that includes experimental animal models and a range of human studies that examine tobacco product appeal, addictiveness, and toxicity.”

Studies showed low abuse liability for snus

Research Tools to Inform FDA Regulation of Snus


Added 10/18/17

Warning: Nicotine Seriously Improves Health



ADDED 12/25/2017

I’ve got some AMAZING people and organizations I am connected with around the world. This link was shared with me by the New Nicotine Alliance AU. I don’t understand it all, but I get that “nicotine alone” (does) not enhance addiction…. Without tobacco…… or MAOI’s…..

Bold is my emphasis:

Discussion:

The main finding of our study is that nicotine needs the association with an irreversible and non-selective MAOI to induce the same neurochemical modifications as those observed with compounds belonging to the main groups of drugs of abuse (i.e., amphetamine, cocaine, morphine, or alcohol) (Salomon et al., 2006; Lanteri et al., 2008). Moreover, although repeated injections of nicotine alone do not enhance the hyperlocomotor effects of amphetamine or PCA, tranylcypromine pretreatment allows nicotine to induce a robust and persistent cross-sensitization to these two drugs.

Added 01/30/18

“The commercial importance of the ‘’dependence to nicotine’’ dogma”

“This change of heart should normally create the effect of a bomb”

Fagerström Finds His Way To Damascus



Added 02/01/2018

“… authors of the study…….envision their work could lead to new non-addictive, nicotine-based treatments for some of the 51 million people worldwide who suffer from the disease.”

Nicotine normalizes brain activity deficits that are key to schizophrenia


Added 3/01/2018

“Some e-cigarette users were dependent on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, but these products were less addictive than tobacco cigarettes. E-cigarettes may be as or less addictive than nicotine gums, which themselves are not very addictive.”

That’s here:

Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes

Also:

Is it possible (Quora Answer)


Added 4/04/18

Nicotine “addiction”

“The effects of nicotine on the brain are similar to those of sugar, salt, exercise, and other harmless substances and events”

“There are so many findings that conflict so starkly with the view that nicotine is addictive that it increasingly appears that adhering to the nicotine addiction thesis is only defensible on extra-scientific grounds.”

Short version:

Nicotine as an Addictive Substance: A Critical Examination of the Basic Concepts and Empirical Evidence

Full version:

Full version is here.


Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast

The usual suspects:

“One of the important growth factors for the global tobacco alternative gums market is the increasing price of cigarettes.”

Tobacco Alternative Gums Market: Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast


Finally, Clive Bates:


Added 5/19/2018:

Milk is not beef, syrup is not wood, barley and hops is not beer and

“Nicotine might be extracted from tobacco, but not made from it.”

Schrodinger’s Nicotine: Not Derived From Tobacco

Added 6/25/2018:

Click on their link, then a PDF is within:

Are e-cigarettes tobacco products?

Added 6/21/2018

Science

The FDA claims nicotine is tobacco. These people do not.

“notably that e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco or generate side-stream emissions…”

Characterisation of the Spatial and Temporal Dispersion Differences between Exhaled e-cigarette mist and Cigarette Smoke.

Added 01/06/19

Trying to quit smoking? New research suggests higher levels of nicotine may help


Added 03/06/19

“Nicotine is known as the drug that is responsible for the addicted behaviour of tobacco users, but it has poor reinforcing effects when administered alone.”

A study of pyrazines in cigarettes and how additives might be used to enhance tobacco addiction


Added 4/06/19 (Thanks, Fig!)

Below includes only sugar. Not the other chemicals that can enhance nicotine – to be blamed- for “addiction”. It’s almost as if the information is classified. Or buried. As if someone doesn’t want you to know this information.

Simple Determination of Sugars in Cigarettes

Also: “The main additions to tobacco are sugars, which are also present naturally in tobacco leaves, and moisture retaining compounds (humectants), such as glycerol and propylene glycol.

Tobacco Additives

“One of the mistakes smokers make when trying to quit is confusing sugar withdrawal with nicotine withdrawal. Most people actually experience sugar withdrawal, which can be very uncomfortable. Symptoms include irritability, headaches, shaking.”
 
(I blame Fig Ramsey for me finding this one as well.)
Special Report  -Did you know? Every cigarette contains half a teaspoonful of sugar!

Also:

“Sugars are added to cigarettes as they are known to turn into aldehydes during combustion. Acetaldehyde is believed to increase the addictive properties of nicotine.”

– How and why cigarettes are so addictive –

Also:

Further, by weight, added sugars were the number one or number two ingredient in most cigarette brands. Given that added sugars increase the appeal, toxicity, and addictive potential of smoking, regulatory actions should be considered… for the protection of public health.

Sugar-Sweetened Cigarettes: Added Sugars in American Cigarette Brands

Also:

When the sugar level in natural tobacco is determined the concentration of sugars added on top of that can be defined and the relationship with increased dependence potential of tobacco products can be determined.

An Inventory of Methods for the Assessment of Additive Increased Addictiveness of Tobacco Products

Also:

5.5 percent knew that sugar was added to cigarettes and only 3.8 percent of those surveyed knew that added sugar increases toxins in smoke. White processed sugar is contained in each cigarette also has been found to be addictive.

Added Sugar in Cigarettes – Did You Know?

Also:

At the beginning of the 20th century, someone devised a two-step process of air-curing leaves to keep the nicotine content high, then soaking them in sugar to get the sweet flavor back.

We Have Sugar To Thank For The American Tobacco Industry

 
 

Added 5/13/2019

Hidden Benefits Of Nicotine on The Brain


Also:

This gem of a statement was inside the article below:


“Wait a second. . . . Nicotine does not interfere with cognitive ability.”
(National Institute on Drug Abuse, Dr. Nora Volkow in 2014.)

The myths of smoking pot


A 1996 study shows even rats get weekends off:

“Long-term effects of inhaled nicotine.”


Added 7/20/2019

Financial Ties and Conflicts of Interest Between Pharmaceutical and Tobacco Companies

3 case studies. One shows how tobacco companies pressured pharmaceutical companies to scale back their smoking cessation educational materials that accompanied Nicorette.The second shows how they restricted to whom the pharmaceutical company could market its transdermal nicotine patch. In the third case, we show how subsidiary tobacco and pharmaceutical companies of a parent company collaborated in the production of a nicotine-release gum. Thus, because tobacco cessation product marketing has been altered as a result of these financial conflicts, disclosure would serve the interest of public health.

“financial ties between tobacco and pharmaceutical companies have resulted in the weakening of smoking cessation efforts and the sharing of technology to develop nicotine products that are profitable to both industries.”

Financial Ties and Conflicts of Interest Between Pharmaceutical and Tobacco Companies


Nicotine Resources:

Resources:

International Network of Nicotine Consumer Organizations: INNCO

Nicotine Science And Policy

New Nicotine Alliance

Global Forum On Nicotine


Medical, Research, Science Professionals:

Research:

NEWS from my friends across the pond: Vapers.org.uk.

You can find me here trying to be cordial on Facebook

You can find me here being a bit more evil on Twitter

You can also find me on LinkedIn

You can follow me on this blog!


A Billion Lives

Politics:

E-Cigarette Politics



Advertise with YOUR text link or banner!


More to come.

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin


think

Your comments are NEVER filtered, always encouraged and welcome on this blog.


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Nicotine Addiction: An Open 30-Day Public Health Challenge

nicotine

(*NOTE: The challenge remains, the donation part has expired)

Everything else below is intact:


Foreword:

For decades, Public Health, Tobacco Control, and Government experts have agreed in unison, that nicotine is the addictive chemical in cigarettes with comparisons and statements that nicotine is as or more addictive than heroin.

This “Public Health Challenge” is to show scientific proof that the assertions of addiction are true.


I have decided to put (our) money where your assertions are by taking you, the health, tobacco control, science, and research communities, to literal task on nicotine addiction.

This is a 30-day challenge for anyone in public health to show nicotine addiction in humans, without MAOI’S, ammonia, or any other non-nicotine additive or any form of tobacco, without question.

You don’t need to prove me wrong, you need to prove yourselves right.

That’s it.


Nicotine Addiction

An Open 30-Day Public Health Challenge:

Addiction to a habit-forming substance is defined by Merriam-Webster:

Medical Definition of addiction

  1. :  compulsive physiological need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal; broadly: persistent compulsive use of a substance known by the user to be physically, psychologically, or socially harmful [emphasis added.]


Criteria:

To show proof of nicotine addiction with existing clinical trials, case studies, data, and scientific documentation of addiction to nicotine alone, without any form of tobacco or Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’S), ammonia, or any other non-nicotine additive, in humans.

Documentation submitted (either as a text file or in the form of a web link) must be accessible and not be behind a “paywall”.


Documentation:

Unacceptable documentation:

  • Animal studies (rats, mice, monkeys, etc.) are not acceptable.
  • Submissions not published in professional or scientific journals or government websites are not acceptable.
  • Anything inaccessible by the public, including “paywalls” via the internet, are not acceptable.
  • Oral presentations, press releases are not acceptable.
  • Existing clinical trials, case studies, data, in vitro studies, self-reported surveys and scientific documentation in humans that claim probabilities or hypothetical possibilities as they do not show nicotine “is” addictive and are not acceptable.
  • Existing clinical trials, case studies, data, in vitro studies, self-reported surveys, and scientific documentation cannot include words and phrases like “hand to mouth, dependent, habitual, ritualistic” or words like “can, conceivably, could, likely, may, might, perhaps, possible, possibly, possibility, probably, probability” and cannot include tobacco or MAOI’s, ammonia, or any other non-nicotine additive for this challenge.

Acceptable Documentation:

  • Documentation must be accessible to the public.
  • Documentation must show the acceptable definition of addiction in existing clinical trials, case studies, data, or science and include characteristics of addiction such as increased tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms of nicotine alone, in humans, without any form of tobacco or MAOI’s, ammonia, or any other non-nicotine additive.
  • Documentation showing addiction in clinical trials or case studies with 3% or 2 subjects, whichever is greater.
  • Documentation must include a clear description of methodologies and results.
  • Peer-reviewed submissions must include names and affiliations of reviewers.

Documentation submitted (either as a text file or in the form of a web link) must be accessible and not be behind a “paywall”.

Documentation submitted must also include proof of existence with at least three of the following compulsive use or behaviors identified and defined, such as:

  • Physical addiction
  • Loss of job
  • Erratic or deviant behavior
  • Decreased social activities
  • Increased tolerance of nicotine and use over time
  • Harm to the patient or others around them
  • Withdrawal symptoms, phases

Submission:

Documentation must be submitted to this blog publicly and directly in the comment section below.


*Reward:

money6

*This section is no longer valid but left intact.

*If addiction to nicotine is proven according to the criteria above, 5% of the funds donated during this 30-day challenge (minus processing fees) will be donated to The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids.

*The remaining 95% (if proven) will be donated as follows:

*In the absence of or lack of documentation submitted per the criteria stated above, or if this Public Health Challenge is deemed uncontested, any and all funds donated during this 30-day challenge (minus processing fees) will go to ecigarette-research.org for further research by Dr. Farsalinos and his colleagues.


*This section is no longer valid but left intact.

*To donate any amount, please go here to the GoFundMe page:

*Nicotine Addiction: An Open 30-Day Public Health Challenge


 

*If you cannot donate with GoFundMe (due to bank fees, country of origin or other reasons), please message me. I can accept your donation of any amount securely via PayPal (link removed) and I will then transfer it with your name or initials  (please specify) so there is a receipt for both of us.

(Final note, the challenge raised net total of $560.06 for ecigarette-research.org.)


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Nicotine Addiction. Smoking, E-Cigarettes & You.

slavetonicotine


Nicotine. The integral part of the addiction to smoking. You must have it. It’s determined that your addiction to nicotine is just as hard to break as heroin by experts worldwide. That’s pretty powerful.

You’re an addict. You just can’t seem to get the monkey off your back. You’ve become accustomed to a certain level of this  substance, you can’t function without it.

You’ll continue your quest any way you can, up to and including smoking beyond health issues. Shame on you.

This tactic tobacco control & public health uses saying “nicotine is addictive” has a term called “proof by assertion.” Wikipedia’s definition of proof by assertion is “an informal fallacy in which a proposition is repeatedly re-stated regardless of contradiction.”

Spoiler alert: tobacco is addictive. Nicotine, without additives, has never proven to be addictive on its own, specifically with non-smokers or never-smokers. These assertive claims need to be addressed properly.


You’re not trying hard enough! You’re weak!  You don’t have it in you!

Take a walk. Fly a kite. Do something useful.

TRY AGAIN.

Use these “APPROVED METHODS

It CAN’T be what the FDA determines to be the “other chemicals and additives” (or what they consider the “Established List” in cigarettes!)

Noooo….. not those!

It’s GOT to be THE NICOTINE!

That’s what you’ve been LED to believe.

I should have titled this blog:

Nicotine Addiction. Smoking, E-Cigarettes & Other Lies.


Statement from specialists in nicotine science and public health policy

Not so fast, experts. You’re incorrect.

If you believe I’m wrong, PLEASE link your studies showing nicotine without tobacco/MAOI’s – below in the comment section.

I look forward to them and I “approve” EVERY comment on this blog.


Nicotine. Part of the propaganda that governments, health, tobacco control organizations, doctors & other “experts” are accustomed to spewing. They must speak it in order for you to believe it.

They’ve determined – in their infinite wisdom, that nicotine is the only reason you keep smoking.

Nicotine is not addictive


Added 4/30/16:

This:

nicotinecontrived

is from THIS:

If the data contradict the theory, throw out the data:

Nicotine addiction in the 2010 report of the Surgeon General


THIS one is interesting:

nicotinewar.JPG

From This:  Big Drugs Nicotine War


Updated 8/26/16

Via Chris Price: Is there a maximum limit to nicotine tolerance?


They’ve CONVINCED themselves into convincing you. They’ve become accustomed to the myth, and their quest to keep that myth alive any way they can, up to and including your demise. They will guilt trip you into believing this myth.

Really.

More EVIL and condescending shame on you here, you – you —- smoker you.


Added 3/18/17

Created false nicotine theory
to manipulate smokers
into thinking they are addicted

Surgeon General's report 1988,

The two other anti-tobacco experts, Neal Benowitz and Jack Henningfield were the jointly responsible scientific editors of the 639-page official Surgeon General’s Report: “Nicotine Addiction” in 1988.

According to the court documents the two experts both had solid economic cooperation on smoking cessation products with many pharmaceutical companies since the 1980s – Neal Benowitz as a professional consultant for several pharmaceutical companies that produce smoking cessation products, while Jack Henningfield earned most of his income from his own business companies which have had long-standing partnerships with Glaxo and Pfizer.

That is here:

Anti-smoking experts paid by Big Pharma


*Update 12/6/15

Does Nicotine Cause Vasoconstriction?

nicotinevasoconstriction


Is Nicotine Addictive?

*Update 3/17/16:

According to this 2014 Discovery Magazine article is “not the great satan”:

Nicotine, The Wonder Drug?

*added 3/17/16:

*The myth of nicotine addiction

*A letter from Professor Molimard to HSA

*Is Everything We’ve Been Told About Nicotine Wrong?


4/09/16:

99.jpg

Via:

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibition Dramatically Increases the Motivation to Self-Administer Nicotine in Rats

http://m.jneurosci.org/content/25/38/8593.full


Added 4/17/16:

Role of dopamine in the behavioural actions of nicotine related to addiction.


Updated 4/18/16

28 Proven Health Benefits of Nicotine (and 4 potential risks)


 **Added 4/27/16:

“Clinically, very few users
of NRT become dependent on it”…. page 53.
From the Royal College of Physicians: (PDF Dropbox)

So, arm yourself with the answer to IS Nicotine Addictive? –  and answer this question….

what do they ever mean “nicotine is addictive”? Where do they get that from?

It’s NOT.

nicotinebiebart


Added 9/13/16:

Belief about nicotine content in cigarettes can curb cravings

Specifically, with non-tobacco users and the patch:

nicotine addiction patch

More on that statement:

Study explores nicotine patch to treat memory loss

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3466669/


Well – what does addict you to smoking?

You could go- here for additives in cigarettes

and here for the alleged nicotine causes cancer statement….

and here where rats aren’t even interested when coerced…..

I could go on.

I’ll let you read what Paul says about the Evils of Nick O’Teen!


The CDC said

9 million people are now using e-cigarettes

in the United States. GOOD.

I think their estimate is low – but it’s a nice round figure with some punch.

Sounds wonderful.

NINE MILLION NON SMOKERS!

regulaterestricttaxbanmath

You don’t think their ponzi scheme would last forever did you?

You thought those MSA funds would last forever?

Wouldn’t you think they’d want you off TOBACCO instead of NICOTINE?



The FDA themselves say:

nicotineaddiction

~But that’s for the approved “magical” nicotine~


The FDA has deeming regulations.

Go here and do something about that.

Then go here as well.



So what have e-cigarette users said already about nicotine use?

Alan describes it here with some interesting points:

Evolving Nicotine & Usage.


What about relapses, Alan?

Relapse Prevention


Added 10/09/16

via Fergus Mason & Black Note:

Attention VENDORS:

Where has all the nicotine gone?

 


How does Chris Price of ecigarette-politics  answer the following question?

Why do some vapers use strengths greater than 20mg?


Randy did a survey about this very subject here in full.

In PDF format: Nicotine And Flavor Preferences Survey Results

In Excel format: Nicotine And Flacor Preferences Survey Results


But… what if I smoke AND use an e-cigarette?

Dual Use is covered here!


“Were you worried about your nicotine level/intake specifically with your e-cigarette use?

19Here’s just the last 50 comments left, unedited, from that question.


I use nicotine for the throath hit. I have accidentially tried 0mg (because i used a 100W tank and nic just isnt fun in those). I tried it for a few months and i didn’t have any redraw effects. the only thing i missed was the troathfeel so i went back to that amount that gives me the best feel.
Thursday, Oct 8th 5:13PM


I started at 24 mg and then it started feeling “too much” so I went to 18 mg and stayed there for about 2 years. I dropped to 12 mg because I thought I should drop down and it was a hard adjustment but I made it through okay. Now if I use a sub ohm tank I will vape 6 mg, but my all day vape is 12 mg. It works for me and that’s where I’m staying.
Thursday, Oct 8th 11:23AM


i am aiming for 0 nicotine but haven’t managed it yet but im close at 6mg
Thursday, Oct 1st 9:22PM


Nicotine on its own is only slightly addictive, A Smokers addiction is amplified due to the 4000+ chemicals in the Cigarettes. Nicotine has many Medicinal properties and is in most Fruit and Vegetables particularly of the Nightshade family.

Tuesday, Sep 29th 6:40PM


Different mg but a lot more juice. Same nicotine since I started.
Sunday, Sep 27th 4:22PM


I did drop my nicotine levels to 3 mg. It is not out of concern, because I did many days of research on nicotine and I don’t feel it is harmful (in moderation) and I certainly realize it was NOT what I was addicted to when smoking cigarettes. I can go without vaping and have 0 cravings when I don’t have it. I reduced my levels though, from simply wanting to make sure I’m not addicted and chained to it.
Wednesday, Sep 23rd 11:29AM


I don’t plan to drop below 6. I find it helpful for weight control and drinking more water and many other good things.
Wednesday, Sep 23rd 8:02AM


Started at 12 am now at 3 and will eventually be at zero
Sunday, Sep 20th 11:04AM


I use 0 in the evening. The nicotine keeps me awake at night. Never noticed that with cigarettes
Sunday, Sep 20th 11:07AM


Nicotine is not our enemy, it’s the tar and the thousand of chemicals they put in the tobacco that harms us. New studies shows that nicotine is more like caffeine
Monday, Sep 14th 2:54AM


Nicotine has benefits in cohesive brain activity (proven) Research being done for Alzheimers and many other (CNS) brain disorders
Sunday, Sep 13th 3:58PM


started at 11-12 mg and have recently switched to 6mg.
Friday, Sep 11th 2:03PM


I don’t think nicotine is particularly harmful in itself, in moderation – at least, no more so than caffeine – but have played with reducing and it has been fairly easy so far. I started at 9 on ego device, dropped to 3 on a mod/dripper, went to 2, to 1, too little, currently at 1.5mg/mL
Friday, Aug 28th 8:26AM


Lower levels of nicotine have been proven to be beneficial to the body, knowing this I am not bothered by my level of intake as it is not an alarming level.
The smoke itself as well as all the other chemicals in cigarettes are the issue.
Sunday, Aug 16th 3:11AM


I have dropped my nicotine levels gradually, but that is purely a decision based on COST (mostly of international postage)! I have no fear that nicotine is bad for me!
Saturday, Aug 15th 7:13AM


I’m not worried about niuc – but I have dropped my levels down. I see no reason to hurry it and am not concerned if I continue with nic forever.
Saturday, Aug 15th 7:13AM


Nic level reduction is automatic, eventually your body tells you it’s time to drop.
Saturday, Aug 8th 7:53AM


If i lower my nic level i will vape more or when i increase the nic level i will vape less. Depending on the time of day or my mood. The same as with smoking. My body will tell me how much i need or want.
Thursday, Aug 6th 10:52AM


Have learned of benefits of nicotine to those of various mental health problems. Since I’m concerned with the decline of the elderly’s mental acuity, I will continue to vape with nicotine.
Thursday, Aug 6th 2:59AM


Not worried about Nicotine, it’s harm profile is about the same as caffeine’s – and I ain’t quitting my coffee either 😛
Tuesday, Aug 4th 7:15AM


I started at 24Mg and am now down to 3-6Mg (juice dependent). I do use an RBA mod though, so my vapour intake is higher.
Tuesday, Aug 4th 3:59AM


Almost on zero but occasionally still use nicotine
Monday, Aug 3rd 4:43PM


I lowered my nicotine to get away from vaping but realized it is a mental addiction and not a physical addiction for me. I was at 0mg nic. for 3 months and quit vaping. once I stopped I started gaining weight from over eating so I went back to vaping. I would rather inhale a caffeine style drug than be obese. which carries it’s own health concerns.
Sunday, Aug 2nd 8:43PM


So far I’m fine with not worrying myself over nicotine intake.
Sunday, Aug 2nd 8:00PM


I see the risk of nicotine as negligible especially compared with smoking.
Sunday, Aug 2nd 12:14PM


My research showed that nicotine delivered without smoke is not hazardous. Nicotine has beneficial effects.
Sunday, Aug 2nd 11:11AM


Nicotine has many health benefits. I don’t feel a particular need to drop it further at this point.
Saturday, Aug 1st 7:59PM


Even though I am inhaling way more nicotine now than when I smoked, I’m not concerned about it. Nicotine is not that harmful of a substance, and the absorbtion through e-cig vapor is much smaller than through smoke. This means that i am actually getting a lot less nicotine than smokers get. Still I’m doing fine, and I don’t need more nicotine. I use 5 mg/ml e-juice about 10 ml per day, which makes 50 mg of nicotine per day.
Saturday, Aug 1st 6:25PM


I do not want to quit nicotine completely, unless it’s determined to NOT help fight off Alzheimer’s.
Saturday, Aug 1st 6:42PM


I’m glad I’ve reduced from 24mg to 10mg. If I stay at 10mg forever I’m OK with that. If I eventually go lower I’m OK with that too. I did try dropping to 5mg and found myself chain vaping so went back up to 10mg.
Saturday, Aug 1st 5:18PM


I never intended to reduce my nicotine intake, but I found that I required less and less over the time to get the same level of satisfaction.
Saturday, Aug 1st 5:08AM


Not really worried about the Nicotine that i inhale but i drop my nicotine levels out of taste and feel reasons (getting better flavor without the “burn” feel) I hope it is understandable what i wanted to tell (English is not my Native Tongue)
Wednesday, Jul 29th 9:50AM


Im just looking for a bit of throat hit!
Tuesday, Jul 28th 3:02PM


I use very minimal amounts to the point where I doubt there is any more risk than inhaling the polluted air outside.
Monday, Jul 27th 3:30AM


I am gradually coming off cigarettes. I’ve gone from 20 a day down to two. I will eventually go onto only e-cigs and cut down my nicotine with that
Sunday, Jul 26th 4:48PM


I wanted to reduce my nicotine level, but not to 0.
Sunday, Jul 26th 3:35AM


I have dropped down a lot, but I do not think I want to completely remove the nicotine because of the flavor and way it makes the ejuice better tasting in my opinion. And really a small amount of nicotine is not harmful,what is harmful is all of the carcinogens and chemicals in cigarettes!
Saturday, Jul 25th 11:24PM


I only dropped because the throat hit started bothering me and the people in the vape store said to lower nicotine. I started at 24, and dropped to 6 over time
Saturday, Jul 25th 11:10PM


I did drop my nicotine levels gradually and I am now at “3 to 6”.
I sometimes use “zero” (or just straight VG – no flavor) and will end up at zero across the board… but there’s no timetable.
Saturday, Jul 25th 10:50PM


I’m reducing my nicotine because
Nicotine may not always be easy to purchase and I’d like to get used to being without before that happens.
Saturday, Jul 25th 8:50PM


I lowered my nicotine level simply out of comfort. Once a level began burning my throat too badly, I moved to the next lower level. I’ve been at 6mg for over 2 years and feel no need to lower it to zero.
Saturday, Jul 25th 8:46PM


Not concerned about nicotine, but the flavor and the experience is much better on a lower amount.
Saturday, Jul 25th 9:07AM


I see no real harm in having nicotine. It’s not a carcinogen
Thursday, Jul 23rd 4:01PM


if i didn’t have my vaping anymore i would start smoking again i know i would
Wednesday, Jul 22nd 8:47AM


after 50 years of smoking i have accepted the fact that nicotine will always be in my life. By removing the tar and other gunk with vaping, I m doing much better. My medical exams show the difference
Monday, Jul 20th 11:02AM


My goal is not to reduce my nicotine level, but to reduce vaping to only some circumstances, or possibly only some days of the week. I can’t seem to reach that goal, and this is a concern.
Monday, Jul 20th 10:17AM


I use nicotine for the throat sensation it offers. equally at home vaping 0mg
Monday, Jul 20th 3:19AM


A little nicotine does harm or kill.
Sunday, Jul 19th 1:05PM


Not at all, but I could definitely feel the nicotine in the higher nic juices.
Saturday, Jul 18th 11:10PM


snicotine

Some of you above mentioned throat hit.

If you’re trying e-cigarettes to stop or reduce smoking, the most effective way to do so are using a wide variety of flavors you already like, and the nicotine strength is paramount in your success.

You probably never thought about it while smoking, but think of this – if you used a full flavor, the “lights” just didn’t cut it for you, right?

If you used a “light” cigarette, the “full flavor” was too strong.

There you go.


The nicotine level mimics the throat hit.

You may stop smoking by accident.

This article explains it very well.

Throat Hit.

***Added 5/11/16:

PDF Download:

Satisfactory throat-hit(1)


***Added 6/7/16:

Satisfactory throat-hit is needed to switch from tobacco to e-cigarettes: a lesson from an e-liquid blind test

Added 6/12/16:

A Good Side To Nicotine


Via Bernd Mayer:

“Nicotine may be addictive by causing release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, a component of the reward center of the brain that is essentially involved in reinforcing effects which stimulate drug-taking behavior. However, this issue is controversial due to frequent confusion of (well established) tobacco dependence with nicotine dependence.”

That’s here in Nicotine – the basics.

The next time you see or hear “nicotine is dangerous”, they’re technically correct. It can be.

The dose makes the poison.

Also via Bernd Mayer:

How much nicotine kills a human?


Now, updated 3/13/16:

The Royal Society For Public Health says:

Nicotine “no more harmful to health than caffeine”


A Psychiatrist asks: Can Nicotine Be Good for You?


Update added 6/03/16:

Nicotine is not a demon, vaping is much less harmful than smoking

Someone thinks there should be a “nicotine vaccine“.


Added 6/25/16:

CASAA’s Dr. Brian Carter’s presentation at the Global Forum on Nicotine 2016.


Added 6/25/16:

Do smokers self-administer pure nicotine? A review of the evidence.

A critique of nicotine addiction.


Added 7/06/16:

Public Health England released this joint statement on e-cigarettes by Public Health England and other UK public health organisations HERE

The World Health Organization (W.H.O.) decides IDIOTICALLY and WRONGLY that nicotine is the problem here:


Added 7/17/16:

Endovasc develops slow release nicotine liposome for angiogenesis

Growing new blood vessels around blocked arteries


Added 7/27/16:

What medical ‘experts’ hide: Nicotine does NOT cause cancer


Added 8/1/16:

From 2013.

On August 8th, 2016…employers can disqualify you for employment, health care can “deem” you a tobacco user for “using” nicotine.

Nicotine is not valid proof of smoking.


9/15/16:

How do consumers perceive differences in risk across nicotine products?

A review of relative risk perceptions across smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy and combustible cigarettes.


Added 10/16:

It has the potential to lead to one of the greatest public health breakthroughs in human history by fundamentally changing the forecast of a billion cigarette-caused deaths this century.”

Added 10/20/16
From Bolton Smokers Club:

Added 10/23/16

Via my well respected friend, Norbert Zillatron:

“It can’t be the nicotine. It must be some other dependency.”

Diminishing Dependency

“This is the simple formula often used to explain the psychological part of the multifactorial tobacco dependence and why vaping works where NRTs often fail.”

Haptic Habit

See what vapers said about their e-cigarette use here in the first survey.


Added 10/24/16

Via Fontem Adventures

E-cigarettes and nicotine – What you need to know

* Fontem Ventures is a subsidiary of tobacco company Imperial Tobacco


Added 10/28/16

Obsolete tobacco control themes can be hazardous to public health: the need for updating views on absolute product risks and harm reduction


Added 11/12/16

It’s IN your DIET. It’s in EVERYONE’S diet:

Niacin Origins


Added 12/06/16

From Eureka Alert, R&D at British American Tobacco:

E-cigarettes effectively deliver nicotine.


Added 12/08/16 from Planet of the Vapes:

Nicotine Addiction


Added 12/12/16

Nice collection of nightshade (nicotine) Veggies & Fruits:

List of Nightshade Veggies and Fruits


Added 12/13/2016:

Glantz himself –


ADDED 12/15/16

The SNAP trial: a randomised placebo-controlled trial of nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy


From Daniel Hall:

Your Child Is A Nicotine Addict And It’s All Your Fault


Added 12/23/16:

(Thanks, Alan!)

Knowledge and **Perceptions about Nicotine, Nicotine Replacement Therapies and Electronic Cigarettes among Healthcare Professionals in Greece

Nicotine most harmful cigarette ingredient, GPs think

Health professionals in Flanders perceive the potential health risks of vaping as lower than those of smoking but do not recommend using e-cigarettes to their smoking patients

Using a videotaped objective structured clinical examination to assess Knowledge In Smoking cessation amongst medical Students (the K.I.S.S. Study)


Added 12/24/2016

List Of Nicotine Articles / Chris Price (ecigarette-politics.com)

and

My friend Alan Beard:

Extracting from ‘Nicotine’ Moments


Added 12/26/2016

It’s IN YOUR FOOD:

From the New England Journal of Medicine (1993)

The Nicotine Content of Common Vegetables

01/31/17

6 Common Food with Nicotine Content


Added 12/26/2016

Why We Should Separate Nicotine From Tobacco


Added 12/28/2016

Chronic nicotine treatment decreases LPS signaling through NF-κB and TLR-4 modulation in the hippocampus.

Added 01/08/17

Nootropic Nicotine Addiction Non-existent?


Added 01/09/2017:

Why Is Smoking Addictive? It’s Probably Not Just Nicotine, Despite What We’ve Been Told For Years


Added 01/09/2017

If an e-cigarette were used as a MEDICAL device it seems there’s potential. Suddenly:

Assessment of new-generation high-power electronic nicotine delivery system as thermal aerosol generation device for inhaled bronchodilators.


Added 01/11/17

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28070620


One of my own articles:

Nicotine is not addictive, no conclusive evidence found


From my blog: They want you to keep smoking, but lower the nicotine.

What a startling idiotic idea!

Keep smoking, we’ll just help you lower your nicotine.

Added 12/26/2016

State officials addicted to nicotine taxes


5 Year Old is Seizure Free with Nicotine Patch:


Truth About Vaping – Episode 2 “The Nicotine Misconception”


ANOTHER from Chris Price

The Excrement of Science

Added 01/12/17

“Anti-tobacco messages should aim to lower hope associated with tobacco products but increase hope for cessation or life without tobacco.”

That’s here: Do Emotions Spark Interest in Alternative Tobacco Products?



Added 01/16/17

Can nicotine protect the aging brain?


ADDED 01/18/17

THIS

nicotinedeliver.JPG

is from THIS:

Nicotine delivery to users from cigarettes and from different types of e-cigarettes


Added 01/26/17

Nicotine reverses hypofrontality in animal models of addiction and schizophrenia


Added 01/31/17

Young or adult users of multiple tobacco/nicotine products urgently need to be informed of meaningful differences in product risks


Added 02/09/17

Effect of Selective Inhibition of Reactivated Nicotine-Associated Memories With Propranolol on Nicotine Craving


Added 02/16/17

The Importance of Conditioned Stimuli in Cigarette and E-Cigarette Craving Reduction by E-Cigarettes


Added 03/12/17

So with all those above, I’ve found a few that show “addiction”…. could may might.

This one,  with my favorite word “can” and a whopping 18 people.

Nicotine reinforcement in never-smokers.

“One”

Read the title again before you click it….

Three Decades of High-Dose Nicotine Gum Dependence Treated With Nicotine Patches.

Finally, a survey showing less than once percent.

Addiction to the nicotine gum in never smokers

Nicotine self-administration


Added 3/14/17

“There is very little to no evidence for the abuse of nicotine when not delivered in a tobacco vehicle.”

Dependence on tobacco and nicotine


Added 5/20/17

Speaking Of Titration:

Titration Theories





MORE e-cigarette research is also HERE.

If you are a Professional  go HERE.



Play this less than 2 minute video from A Billion Lives.


August8th.org

A BILLION LIVES


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More to come!

Keep ON #Vaping On.

Kevin.

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